Part A: DescriptionEdit
In this lesson you will learn to introduce yourself using the standard level of formality or respect. You will also be able to ask someone his name.
First you need to know that the verb to be is never expressed in Kapampangan. Where there is no verb, it is automatically assumed that the sentence is about something being something. Therefore to ask What is your name, you only need to know the words "What your name?". Here they are:
However you also need the article the. This is because Kapampangan literally say What is the name your?
Nánu ya ing lagyú' mu or Nánung lagyú' mu.
The phrase nánu ing, meaning what the is obviously a very frequent combination. It has evolved into an aggregated word, which is nánung. It means exactly nánu ing, but is much easier to pronounce and therefore more common.
Note that mu is placed after the name it modifies. This is always the case: possessive pronouns are always placed after the possessed thing.
If your name is George, the answer is Áku y George
Áku simply means I or me. When this word is not at the beginning of a sentence, it can be abbreviated into ku.
y is an article reserved in the case that the word that follows is a name. It is compulsory unless you are calling someone.
Then you might want to say Nice to meet you. In Kapampangan, the expression used is Happy me knowing you. We will therefore need 3 more words:
Again we see here that the pronoun you, íka, can be abbreviated into ka. Abbreviation of pronouns is frequent in Kapampangan, we will see more of that in later lessons.
So the phrase Happy me to know you is Masayá áku ing akilála íka, but Kapampangans are more likely to say Masayá ku ing akilála ka.
ing is indicating that akilála is a noun, it basically means the knowledge of. ku ing, like nánu ing, has evolved into an aggregated word, which is kung. It means exactly áku ing, but is easier to pronounce and therefore more common.
So the final sentence becomes Masayá kung akilála ka.
We have just one more words to learn, which is essential in every situation: wa yes
Part B: ApplicationEdit
It is George's first interview for a job after leaving university. He has an appointment with a future colleague, Kevin, that is in the team he will be working with, and Bob, his future boss. Kevin is of the same age as George, but Bob is a 50 year old professional.
Try to understand the conversation below between George and Kevin.
|Kevin arrives into the room and shakes George's hand.|
|George||- Mayáp a yábak.|
|Kevin||- Mayáp a yábak, nánung lagyú' mu?|
|George||- Áku y George, íka y Kevin?|
|Kevin||- Wa, áku, Masayá kung akilála ra ka, George.|
|George||- Komustá, Kevin, masayá kung akilála ra ka.|
|Bob enters the room|
Let us stop here for a second and analyse, sentence by sentence, what is happening.
|Speaker||Kapampangan||English translation||Very literally||Comment|
|George||Mayáp a yábak pu.||Good morning||Good morning.||George and Kevin are of the same age and do not feel that they need to speak using the most respectful language together, therefore, pu is not used here.|
|Kevin||Mayáp a yábak, nánung lagyú' mu?||Good morning, what is your name?||Good morning, what the name yours?|
|George||Áku y George, íka y Kevin?||My name is George, and are you Kevin?||I George, You <name>Kevin?||y should be used in front of each name, except when the name is used to call someone.|
|Kevin||Wa, áku, masayá kung akilála ra ka, George.||Yes, I am, nice to meet you, George.||Yes, me, happy me to know you, George||Note that I am is simply áku, since the verb to be is never expressed.|
|George||Komustá, Kevin, masayá kung akilála ra ka.||Hi, Kevin, nice to meet you.||Hi/How are you, Kevin. Happy me to know you||This time the name "Kevin" is used to call Kevin, and the y is not required.|
Part C: ExercisesEdit
Write the following conversation in Kapampangan and then read it aloud:
- Try to introduce yourself to a person of your age that you meet at a party.
- Express how nice it is to meet them.
- Ask them what their name is.
Part D: SummaryEdit
You now know how to introduce yourself in Kapampangan. Also you have learned the following new words and phrases:
|áku, ku||I or me|
|masayá kung akilála ka||nice to meet you|
|y||an article reserved for names.|
And you have learned the following grammar rules:
- íka can be abbreviated into ka, and áku into ku
- The prepositions nánu and ku can be merged with ing, thus giving nánung and kung.
- Possessive pronouns are always placed after the possessed thing.
Continue to Introducing Yourself, Part Two
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