Japanese white book/Class 4

Five Basic grammarEdit


  • Noun1 は Noun2 のです
    • 私は学生です
    • I am a student.
      • <<Note>>the noun after は(ha) was the main subject of the sentence.



  • 人は Noun が い(adj) です
    • 人はお金がほしいです
    • Every one want the gold.
      • <<Note>>The い(adj) mean the い形容詞 of variety, this kind of adj, contain words such as 欲しい(hoshii)、美味しい(oishii)、高い(takai)。



  • Noun の Adj Noun2
    • 君の知らない物語
    • the story you don't know.
      • <<Note>>The adj (知らない don't know) apply on the noun 君 statue,mention this people "don't know" about the thing.


  • Noun に Verb ます
  • Noun と Verb ます
    • に mean only one side of people want to take action ,に mean two of people doing it.
      • 駅で友達に会いました >> I accident meet the friend on station(I didn't assign with him)
      • 駅で友達と会いました >> I meet the friend on station(the friend want to meet you too.)



  • Noun に Verb passive
    • 弟に来られる
      • brother coming(which is not the right time for me, I feel interrupted)

grammar selection oneEdit

  • 何でも食べます
    • He eat every thing
  • 何も食べません
    • He don't eat any thing
      • The Preposition(前置詞)でも、も the first でも mean complete assure the people fully doing the action,も mean totally deny the action.
  • もうミスらない
    • No more mistake.
      • denial use on the first two word もう(more),ミス(miss, which can mean mistake too), so the sentence is reverse by more mistake too made no more mistake.
      • ら is the conjunction for noun, meaning same to the word kind of.

Verb of listEdit

kanji karina meaning
行きます いきます going
急ぎます いそぎます hurry
泳ぐ およぐ swim
話す はなす talk
過ごす すごす went