Japanese relative clauses are formed by placing the modifying clause immediately in front of the noun it modifies. The modifying clause acts much like an adjective (which it can also consist of).
- Present positive: 水を飲む人 — The person who drinks water:
- Past positive: テレビを見た人 — The person who watched television
- Present continuous: 寝ている猫 — The sleeping cat
Relative clauses allow relatively complex ideas to be expressed simply.
: をはです。- The older brother who bought the car is rich.
- が。- The unending dream is ending.