Isoba/Consonants and Vowels

Isoba has 7 monophthongs (basic vowels), 13 diphthongs (two-vowel combinations), 24 consonants, and 1 pharyngealization phoneme that interacts with nearby phonemes to produce different phonetic results. This page will introduce all 20 vowels and the 24 consonants.

All pronunciation tips in the following table are based on General American English (GenAm) unless otherwise specified.

VowelsEdit

Monophthongs
Vowel Pronunciation Audio Phoneme Notes Pronunciation Tip
a [a] /a/ a in father is too far back. No GenAm equivalent; a in Spanish casa
o [o̞] /o/ Can also be [o̞u̯] ol in cold
u [u] /u/ Can be [ʊ] in indeliberate speech oo in pool without the offglide
e [ɨ̞] /ɨ/ Can be [ə] in indeliberate speech e in chicken but more open, though not as open as ir in Australian English bird
i [i] /i/ Can be [ɪ] in indeliberate speech ee in seed
ö [ɵ] /ɵ/ ö in German schön is too far forward No GenAm equivalent; ir in New Zealand English bird
eu [y] /y/ Can be [ʉ̞] in indeliberate speech No GenAm equivalent; ü in German über
Diphthongs
Vowel Pronunciation Audio Diaphoneme Notes Pronunciation Tip
au [ɑu̯] /au/ Can be [ɑʊ̯] in indeliberate speech; [ɑ] is an allophone of /a/. No GenAm equivalent; ao in Mandarin Pinyin
ai [ai̯] /ai/ Can be [aɪ̯] in indeliberate speech ie in lie
oi [o̞i̯] /oi/ oy in boy
ua [wa] /wa/ No GenAm equivalent; hua in Spanish marihuana
uo [wo̞] /wo/ No GenAm equivalent; like uo in Mandarin Pinyin
ui [wi] /wi/ Can be [wɪ] in indeliberate speech we
ei [e̞i̯] /ei/ Can be [e] in indeliberate speech ey in hey
ia [ja] /ja/ No GenAm equivalent; Russian я
iu [ju] /ju/ No GenAm equivalent; Ju in German Julia
ie [je̞] /je/ No GenAm equivalent; ie in Mandarin Pinyin
[jɵ] /jɵ/ No GenAM equivalent; like ё in Russian её
öu [ɵy̯] /ɵy/ Not equivalent to Finnish öy, which is rather [ø̞y̯]; Isoba öu starts more closed and farther back. No GenAM equivalent; pronounce [ɵ], then [y] immediately, emphasizing the former over the latter.
ue [ɥe̞] /ɥe/ No GenAm equivalent; üe in Mandarin Pinyin

Tone

Isoba · Tone