Students studying IB Geography are expected to be able to:

**Images**

- Interpret and analyse maps using latitude, longitude, direction, scale, grid references
- Interpret and (where appropriate) draw and annotate isoline, choropleth, flow, dot, topographic, and topological maps
- Interpret satellite and aerial photos and cross sections (cross profile)

**Graphs**

- Interpret and construct: line, pie, bar scatter, triangular, logarithmic and bi-polar graphs, flow charts, radial diagrams, population pyramids and Lorenz curves

**Statistical tests and indices**

- Interpret and calculate: total, mean, median, mode, frequency, range, density, percentage, ratio, Spearman's rank correlation coefficient, chi squared test, nearest neighbour index, location quotient, diversity index, HDI, dependency ration and measures of spatial interaction (gravity models)

**Research methods**

- Observe and record information by: interviewing, draw a field sketch and taking photographs, measuring, judging, recording, classifying, describing trends, patterns and relationships in data, predicting, identifying anomalies, making decisions, concluding and evaluating research methods

**Writing Skills**

- Evaluate geographic information in terms of reliability, relevance, bias, and accuracy
- Synthesize information, respond appropriately to command terms and present a coherent argument

## Table of ContentsEdit

### Core Themes - Part 1 - Patterns and Change (SL/HL)Edit

The four topics are compulsory:

- Populations in transition
- Disparities in wealth and development
- Patterns in environmental quality and sustainability
- Patterns in resource consumption

### Optional Themes - Part 2 (SL/HL)Edit

At standard level **2** options must be studied, at higher level **3** are required.