IB Geography

Students studying IB Geography are expected to be able to:


  • Interpret and analyse maps using latitude, longitude, direction, scale, grid references
  • Interpret and (where appropriate) draw and annotate isoline, choropleth, flow, dot, topographic, and topological maps
  • Interpret satellite and aerial photos and cross sections (cross profile)


  • Interpret and construct: line, pie, bar scatter, triangular, logarithmic and bi-polar graphs, flow charts, radial diagrams, population pyramids and Lorenz curves

Statistical tests and indices

  • Interpret and calculate: total, mean, median, mode, frequency, range, density, percentage, ratio, Spearman's rank correlation coefficient, chi squared test, nearest neighbour index, location quotient, diversity index, HDI, dependency ration and measures of spatial interaction (gravity models)

Research methods

  • Observe and record information by: interviewing, draw a field sketch and taking photographs, measuring, judging, recording, classifying, describing trends, patterns and relationships in data, predicting, identifying anomalies, making decisions, concluding and evaluating research methods

Writing Skills

  • Evaluate geographic information in terms of reliability, relevance, bias, and accuracy
  • Synthesize information, respond appropriately to command terms and present a coherent argument


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