Black-eyed Susans, Coneflowers
Rudbeckia hirta.jpg
Type:Herbaceous perennials
Light requirements:Full sun to light shade
Water requirements:Drought tolerant
Pest issues:Rare
Disease issues:Some
Weediness:Some species can be very weedy

Rudbeckia is one of at least four genera in the family Asteraceae whose members are commonly known as coneflowers; the others are Echinacea, Dracopis and Ratibida.

A large number of species have been proposed within Rudbeckia, but most are now regarded as synonyms of the limited list given below. Several of these currently accepted species have several accepted varieties. Some of them (for example the Black-eyed Susan, R. hirta), are popular garden flowers, distinguished for their long flowering times. There are many cultivars of these species as well.


They are herbaceous, mostly perennial plants (some annual or biennial) growing to 0.5-3 m tall, with simple or branched stems. The leaves are spirally arranged, entire to deeply lobed, 5-25 cm long. The flowers are produced in daisy-like inflorescences, with yellow or orange florets arranged in a prominent, cone-shaped head; "cone-shaped" because the ray florets tend to point out and down (are decumbent) as the flower head opens.

Growing conditionsEdit



Many species are used in prairie restorations and for ornamental use. Used by domestic stock for forage. An abundance of these plants on a rangeland indicates good health.



Division or seed.


Pests and diseasesEdit

Rudbeckia species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including w:Cabbage Moth and w:Dot Moth.