History of Tennessee/Further Reading


  1. A. Elizabeth Taylor, “A Short History of the Woman Suffrage Movement in Tennessee,” Tennessee Historical Quarterly 2, no. 3 (1943).
  2. Aaron E. Russell, “Material Culture and African-American Spirituality at the Hermitage,” Historical Archaeology 31, no. 2 (1997): 64.
  3. Alexander, Lamar. “Nothing Could Do More Damage to Tennessee’s Auto Industry Than Tariffs on Imported Automobiles and Automotive Parts.” Tennessee Senator Alexander.
  4. Alfred Cave. “Abuse of Power: Andrew Jackson and the Indian Removal Act of 1830” The Historian: 1330-1353
  5. Alfred Cave. "Abuse of Power: Andrew Jackson and the Indian Removal Act of 1830" "The Historian": 1335
  6. Allen, Kevin, “Poile has Predators poised to win now” Gale Academic Onefile (Fed 16, 2015)
  7. Anastasia Sims, “Powers that Pray” and “Powers that Prey”: Tennessee and the Fight for Woman’s Suffrage,” Tennessee Historical Quarterly 50, no. 4 (1991).
  8. Andrew P. Cohen, “The Lynching of James Scales: How the FBI, the DOJ, and State Authorities ‘Whitewashed’ Racial Violence in Bledsoe County Tennessee,” Texas Journal Civil Liberties & Civil Rights 19, no. 2 (2014): 297-299.
  9. Angela Cooke-Jackson, Elizabeth K. Hansen, “Appalachian Culture and Reality TV: The Ethical Dilemma of Stereotyping Others,” Journal of Mass Media Ethics 23, no. 2 (2008).
  10. Anonymous, "History: Black Slave Women" The Tennessee Tribune, (July 8, 2010)
  11. Arroyo, Elizabeth Fortson. "Poor Whites, Slaves, and Free Blacks in Tennessee, 1796-1861." Tennessee Historical Quarterly 55, no. 1 (1996): 58.
  12. Biles, Roger. 1988. "Cotton Fields Or Skyscrapers?: The Case of Memphis, Tennessee." Historian 50 (2): 213.
  13. Bob Jenkins. Jack Daniel's, Straight Up: A Venerable American Institution, Jack Daniel's is More Than a Whiskey - it's a Lifestyle Brand. (License!, vol. 10, no. 8, 2007).
  14. Brian W. Thomas, “Power and Community: The Archaeology of Slavery at the Hermitage Plantation,” American Antiquity 63, no. 4 (October 1998): 537.
  15. Chandler, Walter. "A Century of the Tennessee Historical Society and of Tennessee History." Tennessee Historical Quarterly 9, no. 1 (1950): 3-9.
  16. Christopher A. Cooper, H. Gibbs Knotts, Katy L. Elders, “A Geography of Appalachian Identity,” The University of North Carolina Press 51, no. 3 (Fall 2011): 458.
  17. Cynthia G. Fleming, “'We Shall Overcome’: Tennessee and the Civil Rights Movement,” Tennessee Historical Quarterly 54, no. 3 (1995): 235-236.
  18. Daniel Schaffer, “Environment and TVA: Toward a Regional Plan for the Tennessee Valley, 1930s,” The Tennessee Historical Society 43, no.4 (1984): 342.
  19. Douglas, Joseph. "Miners and Moonshiners: Historic Industrial Uses of Tennessee Caves." Cave Archaeology in the Eastern Woodlands (2001), 251-267.
  20. Elizabeth Fortson Arroyo, “Poor Whites, Slaves, and Free Blacks in Tennessee, 1796-1861,” Tennessee Historical Quarterly 55, no. 1 (Spring 1996): 59.
  21. Elizabeth K. Eder, “To Sample Southern Manners and the Plantation Way of Life: The Experiences of Margaret Clark Griff is, A Northern Teacher in Antebellum Tennessee,” Tennessee Historical Quarterly 62, no. 4 (Winter 2003): 296-297.
  22. England, J. Merton. "The Free Negro in Ante-Bellum Tennessee." The Journal of Southern History 9, no. 1 (1943): 41. doi:10.2307/2191378.
  23. Finger, John R. 2001. Tennessee Frontiers : Three Regions in Transition. A History of the Trans-Appalachian Frontier. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
  24. Finger, John R. "Tennessee Indian History: Creativity and Power." Tennessee Historical Quarterly 54, no. 4 (1995): 286-305.
  25. Fisher, Noel. "'The Leniency Shown Then has been Unavailing': The Confederate Occupation of East Tennessee." Civil War History 40, no. 4 (1994): 275-91.
  26. Fleming, Cynthia G. ""We Shall Overcome": Tennessee and the Civil Rights Movement." Tennessee Historical Quarterly 54, no. 3 (1995): 230-45. http://www.jstor.org/stable/42627213.
  27. Gary T. Edwards, “Negroes ... and All Other Animals: Slaves and Masters in Antebellum Madison County,” Tennessee Historical Quarterly 57, no. 1 (Spring/Summer 1998): 28-36.
  28. Gaston, Kay Baker. "George Dickel Tennessee Sour Mash Whiskey: The Story Behind the Label," Tennessee Historical Quarterly 57, no. 2 (1998): 150-67.
  29. Gibson, Chris, and John Connell. “Music, Tourism and the Transformation of Memphis.” Tourism Geographies 9, no. 2 (2007): 160–90. https://doi.org/10.1080/14616680701278505.
  30. Gold, Debbie. “Memphis BBQ: It’s Just About the Pork.” Women in Business 64 no.2 (2012): 14–17.
  31. Gonzalez, Juan. "Signs signal a slowdown in the Valley's economy." Business Perspectives, Winter 1996, 14+. Gale Academic Onefile
  32. Guffey, Elizabeth. "Knowing Their Space: Signs of Jim Crow in the Segregated South." Design Issues 28, no. 2 (2012): 41-60.
  33. Hanson, Ryan B., M.A. 2009. "Tennessee’s Automotive Industry." Business Perspectives 19 (4) (Spring): 48.
  34. Hee-hawing all the way to the bank." Business Perspectives, Spring 1996, 9. Gale Academic Onefile (accessed October 30, 2019).
  35. Herbert, Howard. “Country Music Radio Part I: The Tale of Two Cities,” Journal of Radio Studies 1, no. 1-2 (1992): 105.
  36. “History - Brown v. Board of Education Re-Enactment.” United States Courts. Accessed October 28, 2019. https://www.uscourts.gov/educational-resources/educational-activities/history-brown-v-board-education-re-enactment
  37. Howard, Patricia Brake. "Tennessee In War and Peace: The Impact of World War II On State Economic Trends." Tennessee Historical Quarterly 51, no. 1 (1992): 51-71.
  38. Hurst, Blake and Julie Hurst. 1998. "Car Town." The American Enterprise, 68-70.
  39. Imes, William Lloyd. "The Legal Status of Free Negroes and Slaves in Tennessee." The Journal of Negro History 4, no. 3 (1919): 258-259. doi:10.2307/2713777.
  40. Jacob Tipton and J. P. Young, “Centennial History of Memphis,” Tennessee Historical Magazine Vol. 8, No. 4 (1925): 1-22. JSTOR.
  41. James L. McDonough, "Tennessee and the Civil War." Tennessee Historical Quarterly 54, no. 3 (1995).
  42. Jenkins, Earnestine. "The 'Voice of Memphis:' WDIA, Nat D. Williams, and Black Radio Culture in the Early Civil Rights Era." Tennessee Historical Quarterly 65, no. 3 (2006): 255.
  43. John Edward Wilz, “When Jim Crow Rode the Rails,” Trains 61, no. 2 (Feb 2001): 42-45.
  44. Johnson, Mark A. “The Best Notes Made the Most Votes”: W. C. Handy, E. H. Crump, and Black Music as Politics." Southern Cultures 20, no. 2 (2014): 53.
  45. Johnson, Timothy D., Swanson, Guy R., "Conflict in East Tennessee: Generals Law, Jenkins and Longstreet" Tennessee Historical 31, no. 2 (1985): 101-110.
  46. Just-drinks.com. "US: Brown-Forman upping Jack Daniel's output with US$100m distillery upgrade," August 23, 2013. Gale Academic Onefile (accessed November 5, 2019).
  47. Karen Roggenkamp, “Seeing Inside the Mountains: Cynthia’s Rylant’s Appalachian Literature and the “Hillbilly” Stereotype” Johns Hopkins University Press 32, 2 (April 2008): 194-196.
  48. Katy Bachman, "Nashville: Country's Still Relevant in the Home of the Grand Ole Opry, but Urban Radio Is the Dominant Format," Brandweek 50, no. 21 (2009).
  49. King, Thomas L. “Preforming Jim Crow: Blackface Performance and Emancipation” Centro Asociado de la U.N.E.D., (2015).
  50. Larry Mckee, “The Archaeological Study of Slavery and Plantation Life In Tennessee,” Tennessee Historical Quarterly 59, no. 3 (Fall 2000): 190-197.
  51. Larson, Steven A. "The Manhattan Project", IEEE Industry Applications Magazine, vol 19 (2013): 7-13.
  52. Livingston, Aaron, “Encyclopedia of Sports Management and Marketing” Tennessee Titans, (2011): 1-4
  53. Loda, Marsha D., Barbara C. Coleman, and Kenneth F. Backman. “Walking in Memphis: Testing One DMO’s Marketing Strategy to Millennials.” Journal of Travel Research 49, no. 1 (2009): 46–55. https://doi.org/10.1177/0047287509336476.
  54. Mackey, Thomas C. "'When You Eat the Loaf Think of Me'; A Tennessee Woman's Civil War Letter December 1861." Tennessee Historical Quarterly 66, no. 3 (Fall 2007): 294-98. JSTOR.
  55. Marirose Arendale, “Tennessee and Women’s Rights,” Tennessee Historical Quarterly 39, no. 1 (1980).
  56. Memphis Conventions & Visitors Bureau. "The draw to Memphis." Business Perspectives, Fall 2007, 22+. Gale Academic Onefile (accessed October 30, 2019). https://link-gale-com.subzero.lib.uoguelph.ca/apps/doc/A174595735/AONE?u=guel77241&sid=AONE&xid=330f88dd.
  57. Memphis Convention, and Visitors Bureau. The Draw to Memphis. (Business Perspectives, vol. 19, no. 1, 2007).
  58. Michael Vorenberg, "'The Deformed Child': Slavery and the Election of 1864." Civil War History 47, no. 3 (2001).
  59. Miranda Fraley Rhodes. "For Weal or Woe" Tennessee History from the Civil War to the Early Twentieth Century.(Tennessee Historical Quarterly 2010).
  60. Mooney, Chase C. "Some Institutional and Statistical Aspects of Slavery in Tennessee." Tennessee Historical Quarterly 1, no. 3 (1942): 19.
  61. Morris, Bill. “Playing for Keeps: Elvis Presley and the Evolution of Memphis” Business Perspectives 14, no. 3 (June 2002): 18.
  62. Paul K. Conkin, "Evangelicals, Fugitives, and Hillbillies: Tennessee's Impact on American National Culture," Tennessee Historical Society 54, no. 3 (1995).
  63. Peter Maslowski, "From Reconciliation to Reconstruction: Lincoln, Johnson, and Tennessee, Part II." Tennessee Historical Quarterly42, no. 4 (1983).
  64. Pesantubbee, M. E. 1999. "Beyond Domesticity: Choctaw Women Negotiating The Tension Between Choctaw Culture And Protestantism". Journal Of The American Academy Of Religion 67 (2): 387-410. doi:10.1093/jaarel/67.2.387.
  65. “Protest to Governor on ‘Jim Crow’ Schools,” New York Times (September 1930).
  66. R.H. Boyd, The Separate or “Jim Crow” Car Laws (Tennessee: National Baptist Publishing Board, 1909), 5-6.
  67. Rader, Karen A. "Alexander Hollaender's Postwar Vision for Biology: Oak Ridge and Beyond." Journal of the History of Biology 39, no. 4 (2006): 685-706.
  68. Raines, Patrick, and LaTanya Brown. "Evaluating the economic impact of the music industry of the Nashville, Tennessee Metropolitan Statistical Area." MEIEA Journal 7, no. 1 (2007): 13+. Gale Academic Onefile (accessed October 30, 2019).
  69. Robert C. Moyer. When that great ship went down’: Modern maritime disasters and collective memory. (International Journal of Maritime History 2014).
  70. Ronald L. Lewis, Dwight B. Billings, “Appalachian Culture and Economic Development,” Journal of Appalachian Studies 3, no. 1 (1997): 5.
  71. Samuel Cole Williams, Dawn of Tennessee valley and Tennessee history (Bloomington, Indiana: The Watuga Press, 1937)
  72. Sarvis, Will. "Leaders in the Court and Community: Z. Alexander Looby, Avon N. Williams, Jr., and the Legal Fight for Civil Rights in Tennessee, 1940-1970." The Journal of African American History 88, no. 1 (2003): 42-58. doi:10.2307/3559047.
  73. Schmidt, William E., “Jim Crow is Gone, but White Resistance Remains” New York Times. (April 1985).
  74. Shalhope, Robert E. "Race, Class, Slavery, and the Antebellum Southern Mind." The Journal of Southern History 37, no. 4 (1971): 558. doi:10.2307/2206546.
  75. Stephan, Scott. "Libra R. Hilde. Worth a Dozen Men: Women and Nursing in the Civil War South." Review of a book. The American Historical Review 118, no. 3 (June 2013): 857. Scholars Portal.
  76. Steve Fraser, “American labour and the Great Depression,” International Journal of Labour Research 2, no. 1 (2010): 9-24.
  77. Stimeling, Travis D. “Country Comes to Town: The Music Industry and the Transformation of Nashville by Jeremy Hill, and: Music/City: American Festivals and Placemaking in Austin, Nashville, and Newport by Jonathan R. Wynn, and: Beyond the Beat: Musicians Building Community in Nashville by Daniel B. Cornfield.”
  78. Stimeling, Travis D. “The Bristol Sessions, 1927–1928: The Big Bang of Country Music. Bear Family Records BCD 16094 EK, 2011, 5 CDs,” Journal of the Society for American Music 7, no. 2 (May 2013): 219.
  79. Strasser, William A. "Confederate Women in Civil War East Tennessee." Tennessee Historical Quarterly 59, no. 2 (Summer 200): 88-108. Periodicals Archive Online.
  80. Strasser, William A. "'Our Women Played Well Their Parts': Confederate Women in Civil War East Tennessee." Tennessee Historical Quarterly 59, no. 2 (2000): 88-107.
  81. "Tennessee's 'Mother of Civil Rights' Remembered." The Crisis, Summer, 2013, 41, https://www.proquest.com/docview/1413262068
  82. Thomas Wolfe, "Ashville and the Blue Ridge Mountains", (Thomas Wolfe Society 2012)
  83. Tom Kanon, "Brief History of Tennessee in the War of 1812," Tennessee State Library and Archives, accessed October 30, 2019, https://sos.tn.gov/products/tsla/brief-history-tennessee-war-1812.
  84. Trezevant Player Yeatman, Jr. “St. John's—A Plantation Church of the Old South,” Tennessee Historical Quarterly 10, no. 4 (December 1951): 337.
  85. Verner W. Crane, "The Tennessee River as the Road to Carolina: The Beginnings of Exploration and Trade," The Mississippi Valley Historical Review 3, no. 1 (June 1916): https://archive.org/details/jstor-1887085/page/n3.
  86. W. Ridley Wills II, “Black-White Relationships on the Belle Meade Plantation,” Tennessee Historical Quarterly 50, no. 1 (Spring 1991): 18.
  87. Washington, Robert. "Reclaiming the Civil Rights Movement." International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society 9, no. 3 (1996): 459-73.
  88. Williams, Samuel C. "The Admission of Tennessee into the Union." Tennessee Historical Quarterly 4, no. 4 (1945): 291-319.
  89. Wynn, Ron “Nashville Predators Homestand Ends in Defeat” The Tennessee Tribune (March 13, 2014)
  90. Young, Timothy M., Donald G. Hodges, and Timothy G. Rials. 2007. "The Forest Products Economy of Tennessee." Forest Products Journal 57 (4) (04): 12-13.


  1. A. Elizabeth Taylor, “Tennessee: The Thirty-Sixth State,” in Votes For Woman! The Woman Suffrage Movement in Tennessee, The South and The Nation, ed. Marjorie Spruill Wheeler (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1995).
  2. A. Elizabeth Taylor, The Woman Suffrage Movement in Tennessee (New York: Record Press, 1957).
  3. Adam Fairclough, Teaching Black Schools in the Age of Jim Crow (Georgia: The University of Georgia Press, 2001), 1-2.
  4. Albert V. Goodpasture, Andrew Jackson, Tennessee and the Union (Nashville, TN: Brandon Printing Company, 1895).
  5. Andrew Burstein. The Passions of Andrew Jackson. (New York: Vintage Books, 2003).
  6. Barnes, Celia. Native American Power in the United States, 1783-1795 (Massachusetts: Rosemont Publishing & Printing Corp., 2003).
  7. Bastian, Dawn E., and Judy K. Mitchell. Handbook of Native American Mythology (California: ABC-CLIO Inc., 2004).
  8. Benhart, John E. Appalachian Aspirations: the Geography of Urbanization and Development in the Upper Tennessee River Valley, 1865-1900. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2007.
  9. Bense, Judith Ann. Archaeology of Colonial Pensacola. (Gainesville: Univ. Press of Florida, 1999).
  10. Bowery Jr., Charles R. The Civil War In The Western Theatre. Washington, D.C.: Center of U.S. Military History, 2014.
  11. Boylston, James R., and Allen J. Wiener. David Crockett in Congress: The Rise and Fall of The Poor Man’s Friend. (Houston: Bright Sky Press, 2009).
  12. Brown, John P. Old Frontiers: the Story of the Cherokee Indians from Earliest Times to the Date of Their Removal to the West, 1838. Salem, NH: Ayer Co. ,1986. Mclaughlin Library.
  13. Calloway, Colin G. “The American Revolution in Indian country : crisis and diversity in Native American communities” 1953- Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 1995, Mclaughlin Library.
  14. Carl Benn, The War of 1812 (Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 2003).
  15. Civil War Centennial Commission: Tennesseans in the Civil War: A Military History of the Confederate and Union Units with Available Rosters of Personnel (University of Tennessee Press, 1985).
  16. C.J. Savage, and V.P. Franklin, “Cultural Capital and Black Education: African American Communities and the Funding of Black Schooling, 1865 to the Present,” Research on African American Education (2004): 59-58.
  17. Cobia, Manley F. Journey into the Land of Trials: The Story of Davy Crocketts Expedition to the Alamo. (Franklin: Hillsboro Press, 2003).
  18. Cumfer, Cynthia. "Local Origins of National Indian Policy: Cherokee and Tennessean Ideas about Sovereignty and Nationhood, 1790-1811." Journal of the Early Republic 23, no. 1 (2003).
  19. Cushman, Horatio (1899). "Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Natchez". History of the Choctaw, Chickasaw and Natchez Indians. University of Oklahoma Press. pp. 18–19. ISBN 0-8061-3127-6.
  20. Fain, John N., Sanctified Trial: The Diary of Eliza Rhea Anderson Fain, a Confederate Woman in East Tennessee. (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2004).
  21. F.C G. Harrington, Florence G. Kerr, and Henry G. Alsberg, Tennessee: A Guide to the State (New York, NY: The Viking Press, 1939).
  22. Finlayson, Rebecca. Insiders Guide to Memphis. Guilford, CT: Globe Pequot, 2009.
  23. Fry, Robert W. Performing Nashville: Music Tourism and Country Musics Main Street. Palgrave Macmillan, 2017.
  24. Gallay, Alan (2009-01-01). Indian Slavery in Colonial America. U of Nebraska Press.
  25. Gibson, Chris. Music and Tourism: on the Road Again. Clevedon: Channel View Publications, 2005.
  26. Gibson, Karen Bush, The Chickasaw Nation (Minnesota: Capstone Press, 2003).
  27. Glenn, L. C., Wilbur A. Nelson, and A. H. Purdue. The Resources of Tennessee: Published by the State Geological Survey. Nashville, TN: The Survey, 1913.
  28. Grear, Charles D., and Steven E. Woodworth. The Chattanooga Campaign. Carbondale, ILL: Southern Illinois University Press, 2012.
  29. Greene, Lee Seifert, Iverson, Evan Amos, Brown, Virginia, and University of Tennessee. Rescued Earth: A Study of the Public Administration of Natural Resources in Tennessee. Pub. for the Bureau of Public Administration by the Univ. of Tennessee Press, 1948.
  30. Groneman, Bill. David Crockett: Hero of The Common Man. (New York: Forge, 2007).
  31. Hatley, Tom. The Dividing Paths. Oxford University Press, 1995.
  32. Henry Goings and Calvin Schermerhorn and Michael Plunkett and Edward Gaynor. Rambles of a Runaway from Southern Slavery (Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2012).
  33. Hudson, Charles M. 1994. The Southeastern Indians. Tennessee: Univ. of Tennessee Pr.
  34. Hughes Charles L. COUNTRY SOUL: Making Music and Making Race in the American South. UNIV OF NORTH CAROLINA PR, 2017.
  35. Hughes, Donald J. American Indian Ecology (Texas: Texas Western Press, 1987).
  36. Huus Larsen, Torben. Enduring Pastoral : Recycling the Middle Landscape Ideal in the Tennessee Valley (Amsterdam: Brill and Rodopi, 2010), 166.
  37. Ira Berlin, Cultivation and Culture: Labor and the Shaping of Slave Life In the Americas (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1993).
  38. James Davis, History of Memphis, (Tennessee: Hits, Crumpton & Kelly, Printers, 1873).
  39. James Marquis. The Life of Andrew Jackson, Complete in One Volume. (New York: The Bobbs – Merrill Company, 1938).
  40. James M. Safford, “Geology of Tennessee.” (Nashville: S.C. Mercer, 1869): 2.
  41. John T. Edge, and University of Mississippi. The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture : Volume 7: Foodways. (Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina, 2007), 25.
  42. James Parton. The Life of Andrew Jackson. (New York: Mason Brothers, 1863).
  43. John Preston, Standard History of Memphis, (Tennessee: H. W. Crew & Co, 1912).
  44. John S. Reed. There's a Word For It - The Origins of “Barbecue”. (Southern Cultures, vol. 13, no. 4, 2007).
  45. Lizzie Elliott, Early History of Nashville, (Tennessee: The Board of Education, 1911).
  46. Lowrie, Walter, and Matthew St. Clair Clarke, ed. American State Papers: Foreign Relations, Volume I. (Washington: Giles and Seaton, 1832)
  47. Milling, Chapman. Red Carolinians. (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1940)
  48. Moore, John Trotwood. Tennessee: State Flag, Flower, Song, Seal and Capital. Nashville: Division of Library and Archives, Dept. of Education, 1923, 7,8,9.
  49. Moss, Robert F. Barbecue: the History of an American Institution ( Alabama: University OF Alabama Press, 2018).
  50. O'Donnell, James. Southern Indians in the American Revolution. (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1973). Primo search Engine- Uofg Library
  51. Patterson, Caleb Perry. The Negroe in Tennessee, 1790-1865. University of Texas Bulletin (1922), 25, 26, 29
  52. Patterson, Caleb Perry (1922). The Negro in Tennessee, 1790-1865: A Study in Southern Politics. University of Texas Bulletin. University of Texas. p. 212.
  53. Petite, Mary Deborah. 1836 Facts About the Alamo and the Texas War for Independence. (New York: Da Capo Press, 1999).
  54. Purdue, Theda. Cherokee women: gender and culture change, 1700-1835. University of Nebraska Press, 1998.
  55. Ramsey, J. G. M. The Annals of Tennessee, to the End of the Eighteenth Century: Comprising Its Settlement, as the Watauga Association, from 1769 to 1777 .. to 1800. (Philadelphia: Lippincott, Grambo & Co., 1853).
  56. Remini, Robert V., and Wesley K Clark. Andrew Jackson (Great Generals). (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009).
  57. Robert E. Corlew, Stanley John Folmsbee, and Enoch L. Mitchell, Tennessee, a Short History (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1981).
  58. Seymour, Digby Gordon: Divided Loyalties: Fort Sanders and the Civil War in East Tennessee (University of Tennessee Press, 1963).
  59. Shapell, Brian. “From Country's Roots to the Generation's Face of Indie Rock, there’s a Reason Nashville is Called "Music City",” Business Credit 113, no. 3 (March 2011): 16-17.
  60. Spence, Lewis. The Myths of the North American Indians (London: George G. Harrap & Company, 1919).
  61. States., United. “Annual Report - Federal Power Commission Yr.1945-54.” HathiTrust. Accessed November 1, 2019.
  62. Thomas Lawrence Connelly, Civil War Tennessee: Battles and Leaders (Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press, 1979).
  63. Timothy Flint, A Condensed Geography and History of the Western States, or the Mississippi Valley (Cincinnati, OH: E.H. Flint, 1828).
  64. Vernell Hackett, "More than Just Grand Ole Opry, Nashville Music Houses Redefined the Sound of 'Country/Western.' (Television Advertising Music House)," Back Stage 31, no. 21 (1990).
  65. Wallis, Michael. David Crockett: The Lion of the West. (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2011).
  66. William F. Swindler, Robert I Vexler. Chronology and Documentary Handbook of the State of Tennessee. New York: (Oceana Publications) 1979.
  67. William Rule, Standard History of Knoxville, (Chicago: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1900).
  68. Wright, J. Leitch. 1985. The Only Land They Knew. New York, NY: Free Press.
  69. Hoig, Stanley. The Cherokees and Their Chiefs: In the Wake of Empire. (Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1998)


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