These are the personal pronouns. They are the same ones for both subjects and objects; that is to say, there is no distinction between I and me, for example.
||mwen or m
||nou or n
||ou or w
||li,l or i
||yo or y
- The word li/l can mean he, she or it. i is commonly used in the Northern part of Haiti
- There are short and long forms of each pronoun. They are synonymous, but there are circumstances when one is preferred over the other.
Some more vocabulary:
||to do, to make
||to leave, to let (someone do something)
||to have, there is/are
||to call, to name (something or someone). Used when asking what someone's name is: Kijan ou rele?: (literally) How are you called?
- Note: Verbs don't conjugate.
- Note: There is no way to make nouns plural without a definite article, which will be taught in a later lesson, or the word kèk, meaning "some".
- *Manje can mean either "food" or "eat".
||some. This noun indicates that the following noun is plural.
- Note: Most adjectives go after the noun they modify. Yon, anpil and kèk are exceptions.
- *This can also be an adverb
- **This can also be a pronoun, meaning "this" or "that".
|A worksheet covering this material is available at Wikiversity.