Guitar/Scale Manual

Circle Of Fifths

Circle of Fifths

The Circle of Fifths is a memory aid for learning all the keys. Here are some fundamental observations:

Clockwise direction shows all the sharp keys

Anti-clockwise shows all the flat keys

Both directions start at the key of C major which is 12 o’clock

C major is the only key that has no sharps or flats

Clockwise ends with the key of C sharp

Anti-clockwise ends with the key of C flat

C, C flat and C sharp use the same notation letters

Each successive "hour" clockwise adds a sharp

Each successive "hour" anti-clockwise adds a flat

The name "circle of fifths" refers to the interval between the root note of each successive scale in the clockwise direction.

Anti-clockwise the root note of each scale forms the interval of a fourth with the root note of the following scale.

One Octave Major Scales Clockwise

C major one octave
G major one octave
D major one octave
A major one octave
E major one octave
B major one octave
F sharp major one octave
C sharp major one octave

One Octave Major Scales Anti-Clockwise

C major one octave
F major one octave
B flat major one octave
E flat major one octave
A flat major one octave
D flat major one octave
G flat major one octave
C flat major one octave

Getting Started: Different Types of Guitars | Anatomy of a Guitar | Buying a Guitar | Buying an Amplifier | Tuning the Guitar | Tablature | Lead Guitar and Rhythm Guitar
For Beginners: The Basics | Intervals and Power Chords | Open Chords | Muting and Raking | Learning Songs | Song Library
Lead Guitar: Picking and Plucking | Scales | Arpeggios and Sweep Picking | Slides | Hammer-ons, Pull-offs, and Trills | Bending and Vibrato | Harmonics | Vibrato Bar Techniques | Tapping
Rhythm Guitar: Chords | Barre Chords | Chord Progressions | Alternate Picking | Tremolo Picking | Rhythm
Playing Styles: Folk Guitar | Blues | Slide Guitar | Rock Guitar | Country and Western | Metal | Jazz | Classical Guitar | Flamenco
General Guitar Theory: Tone and Volume | Singing and Playing | Writing Songs | Playing With Others | Recording Music |Tuning Your Ear | How to Continue Learning
Equipment: Guitar Accessories | Effects Pedals | E-Bow | Cables | Bass Guitar | Harmonica and Guitar Combo
Maintenance: Guitar Maintenance and Storage | Adjusting the Guitar | Stringing the Guitar
Appendices: Dictionary | Alternate Tunings | Chord Reference | Blanks