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What kind of verb is smart?Edit

When you look up a verb in a Gothic dictionary, you will be told

  • whether it is strong or weak
  • which class it is in. There are seven classes of strong verbs (1 to 7, or I to VII) and four classes of weak verbs.

Strong verbs are marked with sv or abl.V.. Weak verbs are marked with wv or sw.V.. For example, look at the entries for skreitan (a strong verb) and skritnan (a weak verb) in this modern dictionary and this facsimile of a 1910 dictionary.

Things which are the same for both strong and weak verbsEdit

Present tenseEdit

The present tense goes as follows:

Person Singular Dual Plural
First ik qiรพa,
๐Œน๐Œบ ๐Œต๐Œน๐Œธ๐Œฐ
I say.
wit qiรพos,
๐…๐Œน๐„ ๐Œต๐Œน๐Œธ๐‰๐ƒ
the two of us say.
weis qiรพam,
๐…๐Œด๐Œน๐ƒ ๐Œต๐Œน๐Œธ๐Œฐ๐Œผ
we say.
Second thu qiรพis,
๐„๐Œท๐Œฟ ๐Œต๐Œน๐Œธ๐Œน๐ƒ
thou sayest.
jut qiรพats,
๐Œพ๐Œฟ๐„ ๐Œต๐Œน๐Œธ๐Œฐ๐„๐ƒ
the two of you say.
jus qiรพiรพ,
๐Œพ๐Œฟ๐ƒ ๐Œต๐Œน๐Œธ๐Œน๐Œธ
you all say.
Third is qiรพiรพ,
๐Œน๐ƒ ๐Œต๐Œน๐Œธ๐Œน๐Œธ
he says.
(use the plural) eis qiรพand,
๐Œด๐Œน๐ƒ ๐Œต๐Œน๐Œธ๐Œฐ๐Œฝ๐Œณ
they say.

How strong verbs behaveEdit


The infinitive of strong verbs always ends in -an. For example:

to say.

How weak verbs behaveEdit


Irregular verbsEdit

wisan, ๐…๐Œน๐ƒ๐Œฐ๐Œฝ, to beEdit

to be.


Person Singular Dual Plural
First ik im,
๐Œน๐Œบ ๐Œน๐Œผ
I am.
wit siju,
๐…๐Œน๐„ ๐ƒ๐Œน๐Œพ๐Œฟ
the two of us are.
weis sijum,
๐…๐Œด๐Œน๐ƒ ๐ƒ๐Œน๐Œพ๐Œฟ๐Œผ
we are.
Second thu is,
๐„๐Œท๐Œฟ ๐Œน๐ƒ
thou art.
jut sijuts,
๐Œพ๐Œฟ๐„ ๐ƒ๐Œน๐Œพ๐Œฟ๐„๐ƒ
the two of you are.
jus sijuรพ,
๐Œพ๐Œฟ๐ƒ ๐ƒ๐Œน๐Œพ๐Œฟ๐Œธ
you all are.
Third is ist,
๐Œน๐ƒ ๐Œน๐ƒ๐„
he is.
(use the plural) eis sind,
๐Œด๐Œน๐ƒ ๐ƒ๐Œน๐Œฝ๐Œณ
they are.


Person Singular Dual Plural
First ik was,
๐Œน๐Œบ ๐…๐Œฐ๐ƒ
I was.
wit wesu,
๐…๐Œน๐„ ๐…๐Œด๐ƒ๐Œฟ
the two of us were.
weis wesum,
๐…๐Œด๐Œน๐ƒ ๐…๐Œด๐ƒ๐Œฟ๐Œผ
we were.
Second thu wast,
๐„๐Œท๐Œฟ ๐…๐Œฐ๐ƒ๐„
thou wert.
jut wesuts,
๐Œพ๐Œฟ๐„ ๐…๐Œด๐ƒ๐Œฟ๐„๐ƒ
the two of you were.
jus wesun,
๐Œพ๐Œฟ๐ƒ ๐…๐Œด๐ƒ๐Œฟ๐Œฝ
you all were.
Third is was,
๐Œน๐ƒ ๐…๐Œฐ๐ƒ
he was.
(use the plural) eis wesun,
๐Œด๐Œน๐ƒ ๐…๐Œด๐ƒ๐Œฟ๐Œฝ
they were.