# Geometry/Trapezoids

A Trapezoid (American English) or Trapezium (British English) is a quadrilateral that has two parallel sides and two non parallel sides.

Some properties of trapezoids:

• The interior angles sum to 360° as in any quadrilateral.
• The parallel sides are unequal.
• Each of the parallel sides is called a base (b) of the trapezoid. The two angles that join one base are called 'base angles'.
• If the two non-parallel sides are equal, the trapezoid is called an isosceles trapezoid.
• In an isosceles trapezoid, each pair of base angles are equal.
• If one pair of base angles of a trapezoid are equal, the trapezoid is isosceles.
• A line segment connecting the midpoints of the non-parallel sides is called the median (m) of the trapeziod.
• The median of a trapezoid is equal to one half the sum of the bases (called b1 and b2).
• A line segment perpendicular to the bases is called an altitude (h) of the trapezoid.

The area (A) of a trapezoid is equal to the product of an altitude and the median.

${\displaystyle A=mh}$

Recall though that the median is half of the sum of the bases.

${\displaystyle m={\frac {1}{2}}(b_{1}+b_{2})}$

Substituting for m, we get:

${\displaystyle A={\frac {1}{2}}(b_{1}+b_{2})h}$