Finnish/Dialogue 1

Dialogues in Finnish edit

Instructions edit

  • use the links: almost each word of the dialogue has been wiki-linked to a dictionary or grammar article. Click the links to go to another page. Then come back to this page using the "back" button of your browser (or alt-left arrow of the keyboard in many browsers).
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Kohtaaminen metroasemalla edit

(Encounter at a metro station)

Henkilöt (Cast) edit

Dialogue as audio edit

  Kohtaaminen metroasemalla

Dialogue as text and translation edit

1 Sakari: Hei ... anteeksi, mutta oletko sinä Markku? Hi ... excuse me, but are you Markku?
2 Markku: Olen. Entä kuka sinä olet? (Yes) I am. But who are you?
3 Sakari: Minä olen Sakari, entinen luokkatoverisi. I am Sakari, your former classmate
4 Markku: Ai, Sakari! Pitkästä aikaa! Mitä kuuluu? Oh, Sakari! Long time no see! How are you?
5 Sakari: Ihan hyvää. Olen nykyisin saksan opettaja. I'm fine. I am a German teacher nowadays.
6 Markku: Oho! Minä olen vielä opiskelija. Oh my! I am still a student!
7 Sakari: Kuka hän on? Who is she?
8 Markku: Hän on isosiskoni Tiina. She is my big sister Tiina.
9 Tiina: Hei! Hello!
10 Juha: Markku ja Tiina, missä te olette? Tulkaa jo, meidän täytyy mennä! Markku and Tiina, where are you? Hurry up, we need to go!
11 Tiina: Minulla on nyt kiire. Isä odottaa, mutta oli hauska tutustua. I'm in a hurry now. Dad is waiting, but it was nice to meet you.
12 Sakari: Samoin. Hei sitten. You too. Bye now!
13 Tiina: Hei hei! (Tiina lähtee.) Bye bye! (Tiina leaves)
14 Sakari: Siskosi on todella kaunis. Onko hän malli? Your sister is really beautiful. Is she a model?
15 Markku: Ei, vaan hän on toimittaja. Kaunis hän kyllä on. No, she is a journalist. Though she is pretty, indeed.
16 Juha: Markkuuu! Markku!!
17 Tiina: Markku! Tule jo! Markku, hurry up!

Vocabulary edit

kohtaaminen encounter   kohtaaminen |
metroasema subway station   metroasema
metro subway / underground / metro   metro
asema station   asema
henkilöt -> henkilö person   henkilö
toimittaja journalist, reporter   toimittaja
opiskelija student   opiskelija
veli brother   veli
saksan -> saksa German language (when written in lower case, With upper case: Germany)   saksa
opettaja teacher   opettaja
ja and   ja
isä father   isä
hei hello, hi, hey   hei
anteeksi sorry, excuse me   anteeksi
oletko are you   Olla (the verb "to be")
sinä you (singular only)   sinä
entä how about   entä
kuka who (interrogative word)   kuka
olet (you) are   Olla (the verb "to be")
minä I   Minä)
hän he / she   hän)
olen (I) am   Olla (the verb "to be")

Notes on vocabulary and grammar edit

The verb olla (to be) edit

  • Pay attention to how the verb has been used in the dialogue: "Oletko sinä...?" (are you...?), "olen" ( (I) am), "hän on" (she/he is).
  • Basic conjugation goes as follows:
(minä) olen I am (me) olemme we are
(sinä) olet you are (te) olette you are
hän/se on she/he/it is he/ne ovat they are

  Hear the above conjugation of the verb "olla"

  • Note that the pronoun (minä, sinä, me, te) is often omitted in a sentence because conjugation of the verb already indicates, who we are talking about. This means that when we say "olen", it goes without saying that we mean "minä olen": we are talking about "minä". When we talk about "sinä", the verb conjugates differently: "olet", and that form only corresponds the second person of singular.
  • See full Conjugation of olla
  • Use an online conjugator of Finnish verbs
  • Read more about Finnish verb conjugation

The word hei edit

The word "hei" can be a greeting like "hello" in English or "hej" in Swedish. Here Sakari used it to draw someone's attention to himself in order to ask a question "are you Markku?". It's a little bit like the English "hey", but there is no rude or impolite connotation in Finnish "hei". Later Tiina says "Hei!" to Sakari after they have been introduced to each others, meaning "hello" or "hi". Later, when she leaves, she says "hei hei!", that is equivalent to the phrase "bye bye!"

Cases of nouns in this dialogue edit

  • luokkatoverisi (classmate) is nominative. Don't be misled by the possessive suffix "-si" in the end. It only indicates "your classmate". Same with the word isosiskoni, that means "my big sister". You can use the word "minun" (my) or "sinun" (your) but you would still have to use the possessive suffix in standard Finnish, so using only the possessive suffix is very convenient. The possessive form of a word is only the headword and the suffix when the word itself ends with a vowel other than /i/.
  • saksan is genitive of saksa, German language. Note that names of languages are written without capitalization. Other genitive cases here are Tiinan ja Markun isä. Note genitive of Markku will be Markun (with one k only).
  • opettaja (teacher) is a nominative, as well as opiskelija (student) and most of the nouns used in this dialogue, apart from the phrases.

Forming questions edit

There is always an interrogative in the beginning of a question. It can be either an interrogative pronoun (like "kuka", "mikä", "missä", "milloin", "mistä" etc.) or if it is a yes/no question, you add the suffix "-ko" or "-kö" in the predicative of the sentence. The ending depends on the other vowels in that specific word. If there is /a/, /o/ or /u/, you should use "-ko". In other cases it is always "-kö". This is because of a phenomenon called "vowel harmony". In compound words, the ending depends on the latter part.

This means that "to eat" it is "syödä", so "Do you eat" is "Syötkö?", but as "to drink" is "juoda", "Do you drink?" is "Juotko?" You can also add these into other words, for example "Minäkö?" (Me?), "Tiekö?" (Road?) and "Yövuoroko?" (Night shift?). Basically, questions can't be formed with only raising the intonation neither do questions have to have a rising intonation, as you can hear on the recording.

1. Form an indicative sentence, like "Sinä olet Markku."

2. Replace the word you want with an appropriate interrogative word or add a suffix after it.

3. Put the word you changed in the beginning of the sentence.

Questions that can be formed using this sentence:

  • Kuka sinä olet?
  • Oletko sinä Markku?
  • Markkuko sinä olet?
  • Sinäkö olet Markku?

Questions in this dialogue (followed by the corresponding indicative sentence):

  • Oletko sinä Markku? (Sinä olet Markku.)
  • Kuka sinä olet? (Sinä olet Sakari.)
  • Mitä kuuluu? (Kuuluu hyvää.)
  • Kuka hän on? (Hän on Tiina.)
  • Missä te olette? (Te olette metroasemalla.)
  • Onko hän malli? (Hän on malli.)

Finnish names edit

In this story we have the following names. At first they look unique Finnish but in fact they all are Finnish derivatives of international names, usually coming from Greek, Latin, or Hebrew via Swedish, German or English.

  • Tiina <- Tina
  • Markku <- Mark, Marcus
  • Sakari <- Zachary
  • Juha <- John, Johan

Exercises edit

Olla / To be edit

Fill in the sentences with correct form of the 'olla (to be) to match the given pronoun and English translation.

Click on the line to see the correct answer.

Questions edit

Fill in the sentences with correct words to for an interrogative sentence according to the given English translation.

Click on the line to see the correct answer.

Phrases edit

Fill in the sentences with correct words to match the given English translation.

Click on the line to see the correct answer.

See also edit