This book will discuss one of the most famous theorems of mathematics. It will talk about that which is commonly called Fermat’s last theorem, the subject will be confronted from a principally historic point of view, the concepts and the theorems behind the proof being too complex even for the greater part of professional mathematicians. The book will follow a time based logic starting from the beginnings of mathematics up to arrival in our times, as a matter of fact having nevertheless been enunciated in 1637, the theorem has profound implications for many branches of mathematics and the premises that give birth to it begin right in the primordial days of mathematics.

The famous theorem, for n > 2 this equation does not have a nontrivial solution in whole numbers

Acknowledgment is given to the original version in Italian on Wikibooks of which this book is a translation.