An arithmetic and logical unit (ALU) adder provides the basic functionality of arithmetic operations within a computer, and is a significant component of the arithmetic and logical unit. Adders are composed of half adders and full adders, which add two-bit binary pairs, and ripple carry adders and carry look ahead adders which do addition operations to a series of binary numbers.
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A half adder is a logical circuit that performs an addition operation on two binary digits. The half adder produces a sum and a carry value which are both binary digits.
Sum(s) = A xor B Cot(c) = A and B
Following is the logic table for a half adder:
A full adder is a logical circuit that performs an addition operation on three binary digits. The full adder produces a sum and carry value, which are both binary digits.
Sum = (A xor B) xor Cin
Cot = (A nand B) nand (Cin nand (A xor B))