European Union Law/Direct Effect

Direct effect is the idea that EC law is effective immediately and without further administrative action in each of the member States.

Treaty ArticlesEdit

Van Gend en Loos

RegulationsEdit

Leonisio

DirectivesEdit

  • Van Duyn v. Home Office [1974]
  • Ministerio Pubblico v. Ratti [1979]
  • Marshal v. Southampton Area Health Authority
  • Foster v. British Gas
  • Paola Faccini Dori v. Recreb Srl

Reaction of National CourtsEdit

UK CourtsEdit

  • Felixstowe [1976]
  • Litster v. Forth Dry Dock
  • Factortame (No. 2)

German CourtsEdit