European Union Law/Direct Effect

Direct effect is the idea that EC law is effective immediately and without further administrative action in each of the member States.

Treaty Articles edit

Van Gend en Loos

Regulations edit


Directives edit

  • Van Duyn v. Home Office [1974]
  • Ministerio Pubblico v. Ratti [1979]
  • Marshal v. Southampton Area Health Authority
  • Foster v. British Gas
  • Paola Faccini Dori v. Recreb Srl

Reaction of National Courts edit

UK Courts edit

  • Felixstowe [1976]
  • Litster v. Forth Dry Dock
  • Factortame (No. 2)

German Courts edit