Ethnography of Fiddle/Noise Khanyile
Noise Khanyile & the Jo'burgm C is a Johannesburg, South Africa based ensemble produced by West Nkosi that has been critically acclaimed by scholars such as East African Standard musicologist John Storm Roberts. They exhibit a sophisticated multiply layered tapestry of Zulu inspired sound on his 1989 release Art of Noise. For instance, in the web-published track "Groovin' Jive No. 1" combining hand clap, drums, creative percussion with horn, harmonized vocals, special effects and fiddle in a distinctively contemporary sound. Baba Wami (Tribute Song)  draws more explicitly upon tradition Some critics dispute use of the word "tradition". For instance, John Storm Roberts praises the liner notes accompanying Noise Khayile's CD but laments an unspecified "misuse of the word traditional -- an irritating inaccuracy that seems to be spreading."
The performances have been critically distinguished between traditional (Zulu) music and a style referred to a "township jive" or simply as "jive". His music, although rooted in folk tradition, is nevertheless described by some critics as "violin" rather than "fiddle". This music is often played in shebeens, an alternative to the pubs which had been closed to blacks under apartheid but which some assert are experiencing a renaissance as a form of cultural resurgence.
- Allingham, Rob. "Nation of Voice". 2000. In Broughton, Simon and Ellingham, Mark with McConnachie, James and Duane, Orla (Ed.), World Music, Vol. 1: Africa, Europe and the Middle East, pp 638–657. Rough Guides Ltd, Penguin Books. ISBN 1-85828-636-0
- "... a man who played with most of the big names of the time. This has to rank as one of the best reissues of down-home '70s sounds so far"|http://www.artistdirect.com/nad/store/artist/album/0,,139624,00.html%7C John Storm Roberts|All Music Guide
- Audio CD (December 27, 2004)|Original Release Date: 1989|Number of Discs: 1|Format: Original recording reissued, Import|Label: Globe Style UK|ASIN: B000008IZY
- Stanley-Niaah, Sonjah. "Mapping of Black Atlantic Performance Geographies: From Slave Ship to Ghetto." In Black Geographies and the Politics of Place, ed. by Katherine McKittrick and Clyde Woods, pp. 193–217. Cambridge, MA: South End Press, 2007.