Esperanto/Appendix/Table of correlatives

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Table of CorrelativesEdit

Interrogative (What) Demonstrative (That) Indefinite (Some) Universal (Each, every) Negative (No)
ki- ti- i- ĉi- neni-
Kind of, sort of ‑a[1] kia
(what kind of, what a)
tia
(that kind of, such a)
ia
(some kind of)
ĉia
(every kind of)
nenia
(no kind of)
Reason ‑al kial
(why)
tial
(therefore)
ial
(for some reason)
ĉial
(for all reasons)
nenial
(for no reason)
Time ‑am kiam
(when)
tiam
(then)
iam
(at some time, once)
ĉiam
(always)
neniam
(never)
Place ‑e kie
(where)
tie
(there)
ie
(somewhere)
ĉie
(everywhere)
nenie
(nowhere)
Motion ‑en kien
([to] where, whither)
tien
([to] there, thither)
ien
([to] somewhere)
ĉien
([to] everywhere)
nenien
([to] nowhere)
Manner ‑el kiel
(how, as, like, in what way)
tiel
(thus, as, so)
iel
(somehow)
ĉiel
(in every way)
neniel
(no-how, in no way)
Possessive ‑es kies
(whose)
ties
(its, that one's)
ies
(someone's)
ĉies
(everyone's, everybody's)
nenies
(no one's)
Demonstrative pronoun ‑o[2] kio
(what)
tio
(that)
io
(something)
ĉio
(everything)
nenio
(nothing)
Amount ‑om kiom
(how much)
tiom
(that much)
iom
(some, a little, a bit)
ĉiom
(all)
neniom
(none)
Demonstrative determiner ‑u[1] kiu
(who, which one, which X)
tiu
(that one, that X)
iu
(someone, a certain X, some X)
ĉiu
(everyone, each X, all X's)
neniu
(no one, no X)
  1. a b Words with these suffixes (-a, -u) take -n and/or -j as appropriate.
  2. Words with this suffix (-o) take -n as appropriate.

^ Esperanto ^ | Appendix H: Table of Correlatives