Engineering Analysis/Multi-Dimensional Fourier Series

The concept of the fourier series can be expanded to include 2-dimensional and n-dimensional function decomposition as well. Let's say that we have a function in terms of independent variables x and y. We can decompose that function as a double-summation as follows:

Where φij is a 2-dimensional set of orthogonal basis functions. We can define the coefficients as:

This same concept can be expanded to include series with n-dimensions.

Further reading edit

The Feyman lectures Chapter 50 Harmonics