Diagnostic Radiology/Musculoskeletal Imaging/Techniques

A. Radiography

   1.  Routine views 
   2.  Specialized views
B.  Computed tomography
C.  Magnetic resonance imaging
D.  Fluoroscopy
E.  Conventional tomography
F.  Ultrasonography
G.  Densitometry
H.  Leg length or axis determination
I.  Bone age determination 

J.  Interventional procedures
   1.  General considerations 
       a.  Evaluation of patients for interventional  proceduresrequires a knowledge  of appropriate  indications and contraindications, objectives, alternatives,  and possible  complications.  Coordination with the  referring physician is essential to ensure appropriate  patient selection and, for biopsy, appropriate approach.
   2.  Arthrography, major joints 
       a.  Shoulder 
       b.  Hip (including prosthesis evaluation) 
       c.  Wrist (radiocarpal joint)
   3.  Arthrography, less common sites 
       a.  Wrist (midcarpal joint, distal radioulnar joint) 
       b.  Spinal facet 
       c.  Sacroiliac 
       d.  Knee 
       e.  Elbow 
       f.  Ankle
   4.  Percutaneous biopsy
       a.  Presumed metastases    
       b.  Presumed primary tumors