Diagnostic Radiology/Chest Imaging/Chest Wall

Disorders of the Chest Wall

  1. Recognize and name four causes of a large unilateral pleural effusion on a radiograph or chest CT
  2. Recognize a pneumothorax on an upright and supine chest radiograph
  3. Recognize a pleural based mass with bone destruction or infiltration of the chest wall on a radiograph or chest CT and name four likely causes
  4. Recognize pleural calcification on a radiograph or chest CT and suggest the diagnosis of asbestos exposure (bilateral involvement ) or old TB or trauma (unilateral involvement)
  5. Recognize the typical chest radiographic appearances of pleural effusion, given differences in patient positioning
  6. Recognize apparent unilateral elevation of the diaphragm on a chest radiograph and suggest a specific etiology with supportive history and associated chest radiograph findings (e.g. subdiaphragmatic abscess after abdominal surgery, diaphragm rupture after trauma, and phrenic nerve involvement with lung cancer)
  7. Recognize a tension pneumothorax and understand the acute clinical implications
  8. Recognize diffuse pleural thickening, as seen in fibrothorax, malignant mesothelioma and pleural metastases
  9. State and recognize the radiographic and CT findings of malignant mesothelioma