Diagnostic Radiology/Chest Imaging/Chest Trauma

  1. Identify a widened mediastinum on a trauma radiograph and state the differential diagnosis (including aortic/arterial injury, venous injury, fracture of sternum or spine)
  2. Identify the indirect and direct signs of aortic injury on contrast-enhanced chest CT scan
  3. Identify and state the significance of chronic traumatic pseudoaneurysm on a chest radiograph, CT or MRI
  4. Identify fractured ribs, clavicle, spine and scapula on a chest radiograph or chest CT
  5. Name five common causes of abnormal lung opacity on a trauma radiograph or CT
  6. Identify an abnormally positioned diaphragm or loss of definition of a diaphragm on a trauma chest radiograph and suggest the diagnosis of a ruptured diaphragm
  7. Identify a pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum on a trauma chest radiograph
  8. Identify the fallen lung sign on a radiograph or chest CT scan and suggest the diagnosis of tracheobronchial tear
  9. Identify a cavitary lesion on a post-trauma radiograph or chest CT and suggest the diagnosis of laceration with pneumatocele formation, hematoma or abscess secondary to aspiration
  10. Name the three most common causes of pneumomediastinum in the setting of trauma
  11. Recognize and distinguish between pulmonary contusion, laceration and aspiration