Diagnostic Radiology/Chest Imaging/Alveolar Disease

  1. List four broad categories of acute alveolar lung disease (ALD)
  2. List five broad categories of chronic ALD
  3. Name three pulmonary-renal syndromes
  4. List five of the most common causes of adult respiratory distress syndrome
  5. Name four predisposing causes of bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP)
  6. Suggest a specific diagnosis of ALD when supportive findings are present in the history or on the chest radiograph (e.g. broken femur and ALD in fat embolization syndrome, ALD and renal failure in a pulmonary-renal syndrome, ALD treated with bronchoalveolar lavage in alveolar proteinosis)
  7. Recognize a pattern of peripheral alveolar lung disease on radiography or chest CT and give an appropriate differential diagnosis, including a single most likely diagnosis when supported by associated radiologic findings or clinical information (e.g. peripheral lung disease associated with paratracheal and bilateral hilar adenopathy in an asymptomatic patient with "alveolari" sarcoidosis, peripheral lung disease associated with a markedly elevated blood eosinophil count in a patient with eosinophilic pneumonia, peripheral opacities associated with multiple rib fractures and pneumothorax in a patient with acute chest trauma and pulmonary contusions)