Complete Detailed Grammar of the International Language Ido/Elements of a Word
Elements of a Word edit
A word can consist of diverse elements, like bofratino [sister-in-law], for example, in which one discerns:
- a root: frat [sibling],
- a desinence: o [noun],
- affixes, among which a prefix: bo [relationship by marriage], a suffix: in [female].
We designate root the essential irreducible element, which indicates the general idea that the word expresses here: frat.
We designate stem the assembly: root + affixes, here: bofratin.
We designate morpheme all what is soldered to a root to determine it: affixes and desinences, here: bo, in, o.
- A few words (in comparison to the rest) consist only of a root, e.g. the prepositions, many adverbs, conjunctions, etc.