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Clinical Anaesthesia/Common Preop Medical Conditions

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URTI (Upper Respiratory Tract Infection) / Common coldEdit

Common. Take temperature and ask the patient the following: Hot and shivery? / muscle pains? (signs of systemic viraemia) Cough +/- sputum? (associated chest infection)

Viraemia carries a risk of cardiac involvement with a predisposition to perioperative cardiac arrhythmias (dysrhythmias).
Associated chest infection may worsen with either general or major regional anaesthesia (impaired cough and ciliary escalator). Elective surgery should be postponed.

Apyrexial (<37.5 °C) and no muscle pains or cough: probably OK to proceed with surgery.

Note: the prodromal period of many systemic viral illnesses is indistinguishable from the typical short-lived URTI. The patient recovering from major surgery may find this complicated by a developing viral illness.

HypertensionEdit

Either newly discovered, or pre-existing and poorly controlled.

BP should be less than 140/90 to be fit for surgery

Patient are usually encouraged to take their blood pressure medications prior to the surgery. Patients are not allowed to eat or drink after midnight the day before the surgery. Patinet can take their blood pressure medications with the sip of water.

AnginaEdit

Diabetes MellitusEdit

Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux (GOR)Edit

AsthmaEdit

ReferencesEdit

LinksEdit