Chinese (Mandarin)/Grammar/Comparisons

Simple comparisonsEdit

The primary word used for a comparison of two things (bigger, older, etc.) is 比 (). A simple comparison is constructed as X 比 Y SV.

Ta bi Xiao Ming gao.
He is taller than Xiao Ming.

Taken literally, this means that he, when compared with Xiao Ming, is tall.

Negative comparisonsEdit

A simple comparison can be negated by prepending 不 to 比:

Ta bu bi Xiao Ming gao.
He is not taller than Xiao Ming.