Chemical Sciences: A Manual for CSIR-UGC National Eligibility Test for Lectureship and JRF/Ion attachment mass spectrometry

Ion-attachment mass spectrometry (IAMS) is a form of mass spectrometry that uses a "soft" form of ionization similar to chemical ionization in which a cation is attached to the analyte molecule in a reactive collision:

Where M is the analyte molecule, X+ is the cation and A is a non-reacting collision partner.[1]

Principle edit

This technique is applicable to gases or any materials that can be vaporized. It uses a non-fragmenting non-conventional ionisation mode, by attachment of a lithium (or alkaline) ion to the gas to be analysed with a more traditional mass filter. This instrument is more dedicated to analysis of moderately-sized molecules such as organic or aromatic compounds.[2]

Applications edit

Currently, it is used industrially to verify, with a high throughput, the concentrations of brominated flame retardants (BFR) in plastics in compliance with European RoHS (Restriction of Hazardous Substances) regulation in place since 2006. The banned molecules include PBB and PBDE, whose concentration should not exceed 0.1% w/w. [3][4][5]

IAMS has also been used to analyze diesel exhaust particles[6], in ceramic processing [7] and in critical SiO2 etching during semiconductor manufacturing.

References edit

  1. "Lithium ion attachment mass spectrometry: Instrumentation and features". Review of Scientific Instruments. {{cite journal}}: |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  2. "Aromatic ion attachment mass spectrometry: an ion-molecule reaction for organosulfur analysis". Organic Mass Spectrometry. {{cite journal}}: |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  3. "The guide of environmental quality assurance for a supplier of JVC" (PDF). JVC. July 2006.
  4. Pittcon 2006; Poster by Y. Shiokawa; The Rapid Analysis of Brominated Flame Retardants in Resin Used for Electrical Appliances by Ion Attachment Mass Spectrometry.
  5. "State of bromine based flame retarding agent mixing and its countermeasure". Sangyo to Kankyo. {{cite journal}}: |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  6. Masaki H, Chen L, Korenaga T (2006). "Direct analysis of diesel exhaust particles by fragmentation-free mass spectrometry using ion attachment mass spectrometry". Environmental sciences : an international journal of environmental physiology and toxicology. 13 (6): 347–52. PMID 17273150.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  7. Tsugoshi T, Nagaoka T, Nakamura M, Shiokawa Y, Watari K (2006). "Application of ion attachment mass spectrometry to evolved gas analysis for in situ monitoring of porous ceramic processing". Anal. Chem. 78 (7): 2366–9. doi:10.1021/ac0518248. PMID 16579621.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)

Bibliography edit

  • Y. Shiokawa; M. Nakamura; H. Maruyama; Y. Hirano; Y. Taneda; M. Inoue; T. Fujii (2004). "Development of ion attachment mass spectrometry and its applications". Bunseki Kagaku (in Japanese). 53 (6): 475–489. doi:10.2116/bunsekikagaku.53.475.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  • M. Nakamura, K. Hino, T. Sasaki, Y. Shiokawa and T. Fujii (2001). "In situ analysis of perfluoro compounds in semiconductor process exhaust: Use of Li+ ion-attachment mass spectrometry". Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A Vacuum Surfaces and Films. 19: 1105. doi:10.1116/1.1376704.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  • Fujii T.; Selvin P.C.; Sablier M.; Iwase K. (2001). "Lithium ion attachment mass spectrometry for on-line analysis of trace components in air: direct introduction". Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A Vacuum Surfaces and Films. 19: 1105. doi:10.1016/S1387-3806(01)00469-9.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  • T. Ishiguro, A. Matsunami, K. Matsumoto, K. Kitagawa, N. Arai, A. K. Gupta (2001). "Mass Spectrometric Detection of Ionic and Neutral Species During Highly Preheated Air Combustion by Alkali Element Ion Attachment". Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power. 19: 1105. doi:10.1115/1.1473158.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)