CCNA Certification/Security


Managing IP traffic with Access ListsEdit

Access list (ACL) is a sequence of rules that inform the cisco router which network packets it should block and which it should route normally. By itself, an ACL has no effect on the routing process. In order to take effect, one should apply the ACL to one or more interfaces on the router. Moreover, one should specify whether the rule is applies to incoming or outgoing network traffic.

IPv4 Standard ACLsEdit

Standard ACLs filter IP packets based on their destination only.The access-list command syntax is:

Router(config)# access-list {1-99} {permit | deny} source-addr [source-mask]

IPv4 Extended ACLsEdit

Extended ACLs can filter packets based on protocol type, source and destination addresses, and port numbers.

IPv6 ACLsEdit

  • One can only assign names to IPv6 ACLs (not numbers).
  • Compared to IPv4 standard & extended ACLs, there is only one type of IPv6 ACLs.
  • One should use the command traffic-filter (instead of access-group in IPv4).