Solution to Exercise 7 of Lesson 7:
Exercise 7.1: Translate into English:
1. Konjam irungo, ipo varen. 'Wait a little, I am coming now'
2. Nienga poongo, pooytu ange okaandh irungo. 'You go and be seated there'.
3. En ei paathundu nikaadhe, pooy on veelei ei chei. 'Don't stand there looking at me, go and do your work.'
4. Ipo veelei szeia chollaadhengo, szaaptutu thaan szeiven. Adhu ku mun aale szeia maaten. 'Don't ask me to work now, I will work only after eating. I won't do it before that.
Exercise 7.2: Translate into Braahmik:
1. Go home. Study for your examination. Aathu ku po. Nie on pariekshei ki padi.
2. Stop ! Where are you going ? Nillu ! Enge poore nie ?
3. Come here (and) read this book. Inge vandhu indha pusthahath ei padi.
4. Don't go to play. Go home straight now. Vehleiaada poohaadhe. Neera aathu ku poo ipo.
Aar aakum peeszaradhu ?
Naan dhaan, ahnnaa.
O, nie a ? Aar o neneichen. Szeri, edhu ku foon pahnninaay ?
Chummaa thaan, romba naahl aach e on kite peeszi.
Nie chummaa onn um foon pahnna maataay, Ena ku theriaadh a on ei ?
Szeri, chummaa pahnna lei dhaan.
Apo vishayath ei chollu.
Ena ku avasaram aa pahnam veendi iruku, anupi tharuve a ?
Ethrrei veehnam, epo veehnam chollu.
Email le vevaram aa ezhudharen. Aprram anupinaa poorum.
Szeri, vechudatum a ?
Vechudaren. Odamb ei paathuko.
Nie um paathuko. Vechudaren.
Who is speaking ?
It is me, Ahnnaa !
Oh, it is you ? I thought it was somebody else. Well, why did you call ?
Just like that. It is a long time since I talked to you.
You won't just call like that. Don't I know you ?
Yes, I didn't call you just for nothing.
Then tell me what's the matter.
I need some money urgently. Will you send it to me ?
Tell me how much you want and when you want it.
I shall write details in an email. It is enough if you send it after that.
OK, bye then ?
Bye, take care of your health.
You too, take care of our health. Bye !
This is apparently a conversation in Paalu, as evidenced by the words aakum, ethrrei and the verb ending -aay.
Here aakum has the effect of saying 'may I know'
The present participial noun peeszaradhu means '(the one) who is speaking'.
Aar aakum peeszaradhu ? 'Who indeed is the one who is speaking ?' or 'May I know who is speaking ?'
'*Naan dhaan 'It is me of course' or 'it is me only'
The tag word of address ahnnaa meaning 'elder brother' may not be translated into English as this is an ethnic habit.
Aar o 'somebody or other'.
Szeri 'OK, well'
Anupi tharuve a ? 'Will you (please) send it (to me) ?'.
The interrogative form itself includes the idea of 'please'.
The verb tharuve implies 'to me'.
In vechudatum a, the suffix -tum and the interrogative particle a together mean may I keep it down.
In informal conversation, no equivalent of 'bye', etc., is used. 'Shall I keep it down ?' or 'I shall keep it down' serves the purpose of 'bye, then ?' and 'bye'.
Odamb ei paathuko 'take cre of your health' is the equivalent of 'wish you good health'.
Chummaa onn um (follwoed by a negative verb) 'for nothing at all'.
The postposition ku is used with some verbs:
Ena ku therium 'I know'.
Avan u ku theriaadhu 'He doesn't know'.
Ena ku veendi iruku 'I need'.
Ena ku veehnam / veehnum 'I want'
Ena ku veendaam / veehnaam 'I don't want'.
|peeszaradhu||(the act of) speaking, (the one who is) speaking|
|naan dhaan||It's me (dhaan here is a particle of reassurance)|
|aar o||somebody (else)|
|nenei (-kar, -chu, -pu)||to think|
|edhu ku||why, what for|
|foon pahnnu (-ar, -in, -uv)||to phone, call, ring up|
|chummaa thaan||just like that, for nothing|
|romba naahl aach e||it's a long time, isn't it|
|on kite peeszi||having spoken, (after speaking), to you.|
|foon pahnna maataay||You won't call|
|theriaadh a on ei||don't (I) know you ?|
|vishayam (-athu)||(subject) matter ei chollu.|
|anupi thaa (thar, thandh, tharuv)||to send (me)|
|ethrei, ethrrei (Paalu)/ethanei,
evvahlavu, evhlo (Thanju)
|how many, how much|
|vevaram aa||in detail|
|anupinaa||if it is sent|
|poorum||(it is) enough|