Solution to Ex. 1 and 2 of Lesson 5:

Exercise 1 : Fill in the blanks with the appropriate form corresponding to the words given in parentheses ( ) :

1.Ong apaa office u ku pooraa. (my) 'Your father goes to the office.

2. Nie eng aathu ku epo varuve ? (my house) 'When will you comel to my (our) house ?'

3. Idhu eng aam. (my house) 'This (is) my (our) house.

4. Idhu on pusthaham a ? (your book) 'Is this your (sg) book ?'

Exercise 2 : Translate into English :

1. Idh ei aathu ku eduthundu poo. 'Take this home'.

2. Eng apaa ku rendu thambihahl irukaa. 'My father has two younger brothers.'

3. Nie pahna kaaran. On kite nerreia pahnam iruku. 'You are a rich man, You have a lot of money'.

4. Meeszei meele irukara pusthaham aar oodu pusthaham ? 'Whose book is the one on the table ?'


Nie kadei ki pooytu, indha list le uhlla saaman ei ellaam vaangindu, naan vehli le pooradhu k uhlle, vaa.

Ipo poonaa, vaangindu varen. Aanaa, ena ku veerre veelei irukarradhu n aale, ipo poo maaten.

Pinne epo thaan poove ?

Saayandhram naan thirumbi vandhadhu k aprram pooren.

Szari. Aanaa, innei ki saayandhram e vaangindu vandhudu. Illei aanaa, nahlei ki szaapaadu kedeiaadhu. Adh ellaam szameial u ku veendia mukiam aanaa saamaangahl. Marraka mate e ?

Marraka maaten.

English Translation

Go to the shop, by the things in this list and come, before I go out.

If I go now, I will get them. But since I have some other work, I won't go now.

Then, when will you go ?

I will go after I return in the evening.

OK, but buy them this evening itself. Otherwise, there will be no food tomorrow. They are the important things for preparing our food.

You will not forget, will you ?

I won't forget.


The past participle form of a verb is used to connect a number of sentences into one, the last one being the only one having a finite form of the verb :

Nie pooytu, vaanfindu vaa 'Go, buy and come'

Corresponding to the adverbial clause of condition, Braahmik uses a conditional form of the verb, formed by adding the suffix -naa(l) to the past tense base of the verb:

Poonaa(l) (= poon + aa(l)) 'If you go',

Irukaradhu n aale 'Because (I) have, because there is'. pooradhu k uhlle 'Before (I) go' vandhadhu k aprram 'after (I) come'

These constructions are formed by placing the conjunction aale preceded by the dummy particle n or the preposition ku followed by the adverb uhlle or aprram after the participial noun.

The present and past participial nouns are formed by adding -dhu to the present and past 'participial adjectives'

  • The verb forms maaten, maate, maataan, ... maatom, maatehl, ...maataadhu are negative forms in the future tenses, meaning 'I (you, he, etc.) won't (be able) to ,,,', used with the infinitive of a verb.


! Thanju / Paalu English
kadei shop
indha list le uhlla that is/are in this lest
saaman things, goods, baggage
vehli le outside
pooradhu going (present particip noun)
k uhlle within, before
poonaa if (I, you, he, we) go(s)
vaangindu vaa buy, buy and bring
aanaa but
veere, veerre different, some other
veelei work, job
irukarradhu being (present partic noun) n aale
ipo now
poo maaten I won't go.
pinne then, well then; after
epo thaan when indeed, when if at all
thirumbi vaa (var, vandhu, varuv) to return, come back
apram, aprram later, after
szari OK, fine
innei ki saayandhram this evening
illei aanaa of not, otherwise
nahlei ki tomorrow
kedeiaadhu It is not, there is not, there will not be
szameial / chameial cooking
veendia necessary, required (adj)
mukiam aanaa important, essential, chief, main
marraka maaten I won't forget..