Brahmin Tamil/Grammar6

Negative Forms of Verbs:

The negative form of the verb common to the simple past and present is obtained by placing the negative particle lei after the infinitive form of a verb. The verb maaten, maate, .... placed after the infinitive form, acts as the future negative:

Naan pooha lei 'I didn't go, I don't go, I am not going' Naan pooha maaten 'I will not go, I am not going

Participial Nouns

Participial nouns referring to the action indicated by the verb are formed by affixing -adhu to the present or past tense bases/ The future participial noun of the same kind is obtained by placing the participial nouns pooradhu or poonadhu after the infinitive of a verb:

Kalambra oodaradhu odambu ku nalladhu 'Running in the morning is good for the body'. Padichadhu manasu le nikahnum 'What was studied must be retained in the mind'.

The participial noun can also refer to the person or thing that performed the action. In this case the endings attached to the present and past bases are:

-an (m sg), -a(hl) (f sg), -ar (hon sg), -dhu (n sg), -vaa(hl) (pl) -adhu(ha(hl)):

Vandhavan, (-vahl, -dhu) yaaru ? 'Who is the one that came ?'

Vandhavaahl u k ellaam szaapadu pootaa 'They served lunch for all who came.

Exercises 6:

Exercise 6.1: Translate into English

1. Indha pakam poonadhu on thambi a ? 2. Naan innei ki Madraas u ku poo lei. 3. Nahlei ki pooha poore a ? 4. Vehli le poonavaahl ellaam aathu ku vandhutaahl a ?

Exercise 6.2: Translate into Braahmik:

1. Go home.

2.I won't go to the office tomorrow.

3. If you come, I will also come.

4. Did you have school yesterday ?