# Basic Algebra/Introduction to Basic Algebra Ideas/Chapter Review

## Lesson 1. Simple Operations

An operation is a thing you do to numbers. You use signs like: +, –, ×, or ÷ for operations. The Equals Sign is not an operation.

Adding is a way to put two numbers together.
• 1 + 2 = 3
Subtracting
Subtracting is a way of taking a number out from another number.
• 2 – 1 = 1
Multiply
Multiplying is a way of adding a number many times
• 3 × 2 = 6
Dividing
Dividing is a way of subtracting a number many times.
• 6 ÷ 2 = 3
Example Problems
• 2 + 1 = 3
• 8 + 2 = 10
• 8 – 4 = 4
• 5 – 2 = 3
• 6 × 2 = 12
• 2 × 3 = 6
• 12 ÷ 6 = 2
• 4 ÷ 2 = 2

## Lesson 2. Exponents and Powers

Exponent is the number on the top that shows.

Base is the number to be multiplied by itself.

Example Problems
• 62 = 36
• 23 = 8
• 42 = 16
• 53 = 125
• 24 = 16

## Lesson 3. Order of Operations

Math problems are done in this order from top to bottom:

• Parenthesis ( )
• Exponent ^
• Multiply ×, Divide ÷ (Left to Right)
• Add +, Subtract – (Left to Right)
Example Problem
 $2^{2}+(3\times 4)$ $2^{2}+(12)$ $2^{2}+12$ $4+12$ $16$ Original problem. Do parenthesis first. Do exponent. Add. Answer

## Lesson 4. Working With Negative Numbers

A positive number is a number more than zero.

A negative number is a number less than zero.

Example Problems
• 6 + (–3) = 3
• 3 + (–9) = –6
• –4 × 4 = -16
• 4 × (–9) = -36
• –2 × (–4) = 8

## Lesson 5. Solving Equations Using Properties of Mathematics

It is very important to show math in the simplest way. For example, 5/10 is the same as 1/2, but 1/2 is better because it is easier to understand. The simplest answer is usually the best.

Example Problems
Find $x$  when $y=9$
 $x=8(y\div 3)$ $x=24$ $(x-4)=8+y$ $x=21$ $(14+x)\div y=3$ $x=13$ « Basic AlgebraChapter Review » Solving Equations Using Properties of Mathematics Chapter Test