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Art Tutorials/Traditional Media/Painting

There are many types of painting mediums - oils, acrylics, watercolor, ink, etc. It should be noted that each type of paint requires different materials.

In GeneralEdit

For all forms of painting, ventilation is important so that fumes are avoided. This is especially true for pregnant and/or breastfeeding women, people with respiratory issues, and children/teenagers. If you fall into any of those groups, consult a doctor before painting. Take precautions while painting as well.

To start painting, you will need:

  • A well-ventilated area - fans and open windows are recommended.
  • Canvases and/or paper. Be aware that there are different canvases/papers made for different mediums. Watercolor paper will not work as well with oils as a canvas will.
  • Brushes - Basic brush sets can be found at hobby and art supply stores. Be mindful that many cheaper brush bristles come off easily.

OilsEdit

Oils are one of the most popular mediums in painting. While they are widely used, it should be noted that oils (and solvents) are toxic, and one should only use oils in a well-ventilated room, or even outdoors. Because of the toxicity, pregnant and/or breastfeeding women are advised not to use oils and solvents while painting.

What you'll need:

  • Oil paint
  • Solvent/Paint Thinner - Turpentine is a popular one, but is also toxic. There are more environmentally-friendly and healthy solvents out there, and some can even be made at home.
  • Oil brushes
  • Palette knife - Not required, but very useful with certain techniques.

AcrylicsEdit

Acrylics are a water-based type of paint. No solvents are required, all that is needed for cleanup is water. This makes acrylics a more budget- and health-friendly option, but precautions should still be taken.

What you'll need:

  • Acrylic paint
  • Water

WatercolorEdit

Watercolors are known for having a very airy and transparent appearance. This effect is achieved by dabbing pigment onto puddles of water on the paper.

What you'll need:

  • Watercolors
  • Watercolor paper

InkEdit

Ink painting is lesser-known, but is popular in parts of Asia like China and Japan. Usually, ink paintings are done in black-and-white.

What you'll need:

  • Ink - Sumi ink and India ink are the most popular. Sumi ink has a more matte appearance while India ink is shiny.
  • Paper