Arithmetic/More About Multiplication
Factors and Multiples edit
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Is One a Factor of Everything? edit
To answer the question above, yes. 1 is a factor of any number n. For proof, consider this statement: "any number n is a factor of itself when multiplied by one".
Proof. Let n = 27, without loss of generality (sometimes written "WLOG", for short. Here, it means that you can choose whatever integer you want). Then, 27 * 1 = 27 since any number multiplied by 1 is itself.
Let's say you had a bag of 12 marbles. If you now have 2 bags of marbles, you have 24 marbles because each bag has 12 marbles (this is 2 * 12 = 24). However, if you only have 1 bag, you only have 12 marbles due to the same reasoning as before, that is, 1 * 12 = 12. Therefore, we conclude that any number n can be factored to n * 1.
58 million times 1? Answer: 58 million. The size of the number doesn't matter (as in this example: 1*(245) = 245.) Though, negative numbers are beyond the scope of this page, but as you continue to increase your understanding of mathematics, you will learn of negative numbers and absolute value.
Is Zero a Factor of Anything? edit
To answer the question above, no.
A number is a factor of another number if it can be multiplied by a whole number to give the number is it a factor of. Anything multiplied by zero is also zero, which means that the only number that could possibly have zero as a factor is zero itself.
Phrased differently, the multiples of 0 go 0, 0, 0, 0... and so on, never becoming any larger than 0. Since a factor is the reverse of a multiple, there are no numbers other than 0 with a factor of 0 as well.
A Look Ahead at Prime Numbers edit
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The Greatest Common Factor edit
The Greatest Common Factor (GCF) of two whole numbers, is the highest whole number that divides both original numbers.
Finding the GCF of a number edit
 Write down the prime factorisation of both numbers;
 Find all equal prime factors;
 Multiply the prime factors to get the GCF;
Example edit

 Notice that two and seven are used in both the equations?

Therefore, the GCF of 28 and 98 is 14.
If both numbers don't have equal prime factors, then the GCF is 1 (since every whole number is a multiple of 1, that is, n = n * 1, as we saw previously).
The Least Common Multiple edit
As the name implies, the Least Common Multiple (LCM) of two whole numbers, is the smallest (least) shared (common) factor (multiple) by both numbers.
 Write down the prime factorisation of both numbers;
 Find the smallest prime factor for each one of them;
 If they are equal, then the LCM is equal to that factor;
Example edit

 Notice that both numbers have 2 as their smallest prime factor.
 Therefore, the LCM of 28 and 98 is 2.
If all prime factors are different, then the LCM is 1 (again, because every whole number is a multiple of 1).