So far, every number we have discussed has been an *integer*. What if something costs between two and three dollars? This is when *decimals* are used. A *decimal point*, which looks like a full stop (or period), separates the integral part of the number from the decimal part. Instead of each number being ten times as large, they become ten times as small.

- 1.5 : 1 + (5 ÷ 10)
- 3.85 : 3 + (8 ÷ 10 + 5 ÷ 100)