In Arabic, pronouns can appear either as independent words or as suffixes, depending on their function. Pronouns that act as subjects use the standalone form, while pronouns acting as objects—either of verbs or of prepositions—use the suffix form.

Standalone forms

Singular Dual Plural
1st Person اَنا نَحنُ نَحنُ
2nd Person (M) اَنتَ اَنتُما اَنتُم
2nd Person (F) اَنتِ اَنتُما اَنتُنَّ
3rd Person (M) هُوَ هُما هُم
3rd Person (F) هِيَ هُما هُنَّ

Suffix forms

Singular Dual Plural
1st Person ني- نا- نا-
2nd Person (M) كَ- كَما- كُم-
2nd Person (F) كِ- كُما- كُنِّ-
3rd Person (M) هُ- هُما- هُم-
3rd Person (F) ها- هُما- هُنَّ-

Translation Exercises edit

Exercise 1 edit

we نَحنُ
I أَناْ
here هُنا
available مَوجودُ
in في
airport مَطارُ
he هُوَ
restaurant مَطعَمُ
on عَلى
ground أَرضُ
beautiful جَميلُ
you (to a male) أَنتَ
you (to a female) أَنتِ
school مَدرَسةُ
there هُنالِكَ
ugly قَبيحُ
marketplace سوقُ
  1. نَحنُ هُنا.
  2. أَنا مَوجودُ.
  3. أَنا في المَطارِ.
  4. هُوَ في المَطعَمِ.
  5. نَحنُ عَلى الـأَرضِ.
  6. هِيَ جَميلةُ.
  7. أَنتَ في المَطارِ.
  8. أَنتَ في المَدرَسةِ.
  9. أَنا هُنا.
  10. أَنتَ هُنالِكَ.
  11. هُوَ قَبيحُ.
  12. أَنتَ في السوقِ.


Key edit

1. We are Here.
2. I am available.
3. I Am in the Airport.
4. He is in the restaurant.
6. She is pretty.
8. You are in school/ the school.
10. You are there.
11. He is ugly.
12. You are in the market/mall.
13. Father
14. Mother