Arabic/Arabic numbers

The Arabic NumbersEdit

Arabic numerals (how the numbers look) are of two types: the ones used in most of the world which originate from Arabic and those which are used in Arabic today. Notice that, while Arabic itself is written right-to-left, the numbers remain written left-to-right:

I am 42 years old today! ↔ !اليوم عندي ٤٢ سنة


A pattern you might notice is that words containing a ١ or ٢ have word-forms that differ from any pattern

 


Numbers ١٠-١ have no rhyme or reason, so the best thing to do is memorize them

  • ١ - واحد
wāḥid
1 - One
  • ٢ - اثنان
iṯnān
2 - Two
  • ٣ - ثلاثة
ṯalāṯa
3 - Three
  • ٤ - أربعة
ʾarbaʿa
4 - Four
  • ٥ - خمسة
ḵamsa
5 - Five
  • ٦ - ستة
sitta
6 - Six
  • ٧ - سبعة
sabʿa
7 - Seven
  • ٨ - ثمانية
ṯamāniya
8 - Eight
  • ٩ - تسعة
tisʿa
9 - Nine
  • ١٠ - عشرة
ʿašara
10 - Ten


Numbers ١٩-١١ are constructed by placing "عشر" after the number, with the exception of ١١ and ١٢ which have special word-forms. Even though these numbers are written with two separate words, they are spoken as if they are one, so ة is pronounced as ت

  • ١١ - أحد عشر
ʾāḥida ʿašr
11 - Eleven
  • ١٢ - اثنا عشر
iṯnā ʿašr
12 - Twelve
  • ١٣ - ثلاثة عشر
ṯalāṯata ʿašr
13 - Thirteen
  • ١٤ - أربعة عشر
ʾarbaʿata ʿašr
14 - Fourteen
  • ١٥ - خمسة عشر
ḵamsata ʿašr
15 - Fifteen
  • ١٦ - ستة عشر
sittata ʿašr
16 - Sixteen
  • ١٧ - سبعة عشر
sabʿata ʿašr
17 - Seventeen
  • ١٨ - ثمانية عشر
ṯamāniyata ʿašr
18 - Eighteen
  • ١٩ - تسعة عشر
tisʿata ʿašr
19 - Nineteen


Numbers ending with ٠, also known as tens in English, are formed methodically by replacing ـة- with ـون-; the numbers ١٠ and ٢٠ have special forms

  • ١٠ - عشرة
ʿašara
10 - Ten
  • ٢٠ - عشرون
ʾišrūn
20 - Twenty
  • ٣٠ - ثلاثون
ṯalāṯūn
30 - Thirty
  • ٤٠ - أربعون
ʾarbaʿūn
40 - Forty
  • ٥٠ - خمسون
ḵamsūn
50 - Fifty
  • ٦٠ - ستون
sittūn
60 - Sixty
  • ٧٠ - سبعون
sabʿūn
70 -Seventy
  • ٨٠ - ثمانون
ṯamānūn
80 - Eighty
  • ٩٠ - تسعون
tisʿūn
90 Ninety


Hundreds also have their own forms, made by replacing ـة- and attaching the word for hundred to the base number, ـمائة-; the numbers ١٠٠ and ٢٠٠ have special forms

  • ١٠٠ - مائة
māʾa
100 - One hundred
  • ٢٠٠ - مائتين
māʾatayn
200 - Two hundred
  • ٣٠٠ - ثلاثمائة
ṯalāṯumāʾa
300 - Three hundred
  • ٤٠٠ - أربعمائة
ʾarbaʿumāʾa
400 - Four hundred
  • ٥٠٠ - خمسمائة
ḵamsumāʾa
500 - Five hundred
  • ٦٠٠ - ستمائة
sittumāʾa
600 - Six hundred
  • ٧٠٠ - سبعمائة
sabʿumāʾa
700 - Seven hundred
  • ٨٠٠ - ثمانيمائة
ṯamāniyumāʾa
800 - Eight hundred
  • ٩٠٠ - تسعمائة
tisʿumāʾa
900 - Nine hundred


Every other number under a thousand can be made placing the two words next to each other and adding the word "and", "-و", to the beginning of the next word; keep in mind that when reading numbers, the order is hundreds, ones, and then tens. Here are a few examples:

  • ٢٩٥ - مائتين وخمسة وتسعون
māʾatayn wa-ḵamsa wa-tisʿūn
295 - Two hundred ninety-five
  • ٣٦٣ - ثلاثمائة وثلاثة وستون
ṯalāṯumāʾa wa-ṯalāṯa wa-sittūn
363 - Three hundred sixty-three
  • ٤٧ - سبعة وأربعون
sabʿa wa-ʾarbaʿūn
47 - Forty-seven
  • ٥٠٢ - خمسمائة واثنان
ḵamsumāʾa wa-iṯnān
502 - Five hundred two
  • ٧٣٠ - سبعمائة وثلاثون
sabʿumāʾa wa-ṯalāṯūn
730 Seven hundred thirty
  • ٦١ - واحد وستون
wāḥid wa-sittūn
61 - Sixty-one
  • ٧١٨ - سبعمائة وثمانية عشر
sabʿumāʾa wa-ṯamāniyata ʿašr
718 - Seven hundred eighteen
  • ٩٩٩ - تسعمائة وتسعة وتسعون
tisʿumāʾa wa-tisʿa wa-tisʿūn
999 - Nine hundred ninety-nine
  • ٥٥ - خمسة وخمسون
ḵamsa wa-ḵamsūn
55 - Fifty-five
  • ٦٤٢ - ستمائة واثنان وأربعون
sittumāʾa wa-iṯnān wa-ʾarbaʿūn
642 - Six hundred forty-two

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