|Skill Level 2|
|Year of Introduction: 1928|
The Poultry Honor is a core component of the Naturalist Master Award .
The Poultry Honor is an optional component of the Zoology Master Award (available only in the South Pacific Division) .
1. Identify by description and from pictures at least five breeds of chickens such asEdit
a. Plymouth Rock (any color)Edit
b. Wyandotte (any color)Edit
c. Rhode Island RedEdit
d. Orpington (any color)Edit
e. Leghorn (any color)Edit
2. State orally or write a short paragraph regarding the egg-laying or meat-producing qualities of each breed.Edit
These qualities are discussed in the answers for requirement 1.
3. Identify by description a Peking duck.Edit
4. Identify by description and from pictures three breeds of large domestic fowl such as the following turkeysEdit
The three breeds listed in the requirement (Mammoth Bronze, White Holland, and Red Bourbon) are now considered "heritage breeds" and are no longer in regular commercial production. They do still exist and are bred by enthusiasts, but information about them is difficult to come by.
The scarceness of these breeds spills over to the Internet as well, making it very difficult to find photos released under a usable license. For this reason, if you can contribute photos to this project we certainly solicit you to do so. Until we have images with appropriate licenses, the best we can do is provide links to copyrighted photos elsewhere on the Internet.
a. Mammoth Bronze turkeyEdit
|Mammoth Bronze turkey|
Description: The Mammoth Bronze is similar to the wild turkey, but it is quite a bit larger. Its feathers are an iridescent black with hints of green. The feathers of the rump have bronze coloring (thus the name), while the feathers in the front have hints of red and green.
It is calmer than most other breeds which makes them quite a bit easier to handle. Some people even use them as pets, though it is more common for them to be used for meat production. Toms weigh between 25 and 40 pounds, while hens weigh between 14 and 26 pounds.
The broad-breasted is more common than the "unimproved" variety. The large breast interferes with natural mating, so they must be artificially inseminated.
For images of the Mammoth Bronze, see the following
b. White Holland turkeyEdit
|White Holland turkey|
Description: The White Holland is the ancestor of the Broad-Breasted White, the most commonly produced breed of domestic turkey. True White Hollands are extremely rare these days and are bred primarily by enthusiasts. It has white feathers, pink feet, shanks, throat and wattle.
For images, see
c. Bourbon Red turkeyEdit
5. Identify by description and from pictures two breeds of Domestic geese such asEdit
a. Toulouse gooseEdit
c. Chinese GeeseEdit
d. Sebastopol GeeseEdit
e. Cape Barren GooseEdit
6. Visit a poultry farm or Agricultural Fair and write a brief report on the various types of poultry observed.Edit
An Agricultural Fair is commonly known as a State Fair or a County Fair in the United States. A state fair is a competitive and recreational gathering of a U.S. state's population. It is a larger version of a county fair, often including only exhibits or competitors that have won in their categories at the more-local county fairs.
Originally a state fair was just a competitive exhibition of livestock in various competitions, the display of farm products which were not necessarily for sale, and the competition among various fair goers and participants in such categories as handicrafts, baked goods, jams and jellies, etc., but has since been expanded to include carnival amusement rides and games, music, races, tests of strength and skill, etc. Large fairs can see more than a million visitors over the course of a week or two.
Attending a fair like this can be a very enjoyable experience for your Pathfinders. You can find a list of state fairs in the Wikipedia article on State Fairs.
You can use this link to print flashcards or study the different kinds of poultry required for this honor.