Adventist Youth Honors Answer Book/Nature/Poultry

1. Identify by description and from pictures at least five breeds of chickens such asEdit

a. Plymouth Rock (any color)Edit

Black and white

b. Wyandotte (any colorEdit


c. Rhode Island RedEdit

Black and brown

d. Orpington (any color)Edit


e. Leghorn (any color)Edit


2. State orally or write a short paragraph regarding the egg-laying or meat-producing qualities of each breed.Edit

These qualities are discussed in the answers for requirement 1.Integrated egg production is the most advanced enterprise and involves full mechanization and automation of the egg production cycle including battery egg laying, temperature controls, scientific feeding and mechanized egg collection methods.

3. Identify by description a Peking duck.Edit

A yellow bill and creamy white plumage, with orange shanks and toes. The ducks have an upright carriage and a peculiarly upturned rump

4. Identify by description and from pictures three breeds of large domestic fowl such as the following turkeysEdit

The three breeds listed in the requirement (Mammoth Bronze, White Holland, and Red Bourbon) are now considered "heritage breeds" and are no longer in regular commercial production. They do still exist and are bred by enthusiasts, but information about them is difficult to come by.

The scarceness of these breeds spills over to the Internet as well, making it very difficult to find photos released under a usable license. For this reason, if you can contribute photos to this project we certainly solicit you to do so. Until we have images with appropriate licenses, the best we can do is provide links to copyrighted photos elsewhere on the Internet.

a. Mammoth Bronze turkeyEdit

Broad-breasted turkey, with excellent conformation and high meat quality due to its natural fat layering.

b. White Holland turkeyEdit

The White Holland is an old variety of domestic turkey known for its white plumage

c. Bourbon Red turkeyEdit

The Bourbon Red is an attractive bird for either exhibition or just for the backyard. They are active foragers, and would probably do well in a pasture production system,

5. Identify by description and from pictures two breeds of Domestic geese such asEdit

a. Toulouse gooseEdit

The Toulouse is a French breed of large domestic goose,

b. EmbdenEdit

The Emden or Embden is a German breed of domestic goose.

c. Chinese GeeseEdit

The Chinese goose is a breed of domesticated goose descended from the wild swan goose, which originated in China

d. Sebastopol GeeseEdit

The Sebastopol is a breed of domestic goose, descended from the European Greylag goose.

e. Cape Barren GooseEdit

The Cape Barren goose is a large goose resident in southern Australia

6. Visit a poultry farm or Agricultural Fair and write a brief report on the various types of poultry observed.Edit

Poultry farming, raising of birds domestically or commercially, primarily for meat and eggs but also for feathers. Chickens, turkeys, ducks, and geese are of primary importance, while guinea fowl and squabs (young pigeons) are chiefly of local interest. This article treats the principles and practices of poultry farming

An Agricultural Fair is commonly known as a State Fair or a County Fair in the United States. A state fair is a competitive and recreational gathering of a U.S. state's population. It is a larger version of a county fair, often including only exhibits or competitors that have won in their categories at the more-local county fairs.

Originally a state fair was just a competitive exhibition of livestock in various competitions, the display of farm products which were not necessarily for sale, and the competition among various fair goers and participants in such categories as handicrafts, baked goods, jams and jellies, etc., but has since been expanded to include carnival amusement rides and games, music, races, tests of strength and skill, etc. Large fairs can see more than a million visitors over the course of a week or two.

Attending a fair like this can be a very enjoyable experience for your Pathfinders. You can find a list of state fairs in the Wikipedia article on State Fairs.


You can use this link to print flashcards or study the different kinds of poultry required for this honor.