Active Learning In Virtual Environment/Reciprocal Questioning

Activity: #in-class/short-term, #group-work, #needs-preparation

OutlineEdit

In reciprocal questioning technique students take the role of the teacher. Students are given some materials to read and afterwards, they should come up with a list of questions. The teacher then answers students’ questions. This task benefits students’ comprehension of a subject. Firstly, students have to deeply analyze the reading selection in order to produce “teacher” questions. Secondly, as the teacher answers the questions, it reinforces the learning process[1]. It should be noted that this strategy does not fit all subject areas. For example, Math is a subject that requires exact answers rather than interpretation. Therefore, this technique should be used in reviewing reading and writing assignments.[2]

 
Reciprocal Questioning Illustration

Activity arrangementEdit

  • divide class into small groups and give them a section to read
  • explain the task to them: students should read the sections and write down questions for the teacher
  • set an exact time to complete the task
  • let groups collect all the questions and present a list of final questions
  • the spokesperson of the groups asks questions to the teacher
  • the teacher answers the questions
  • ask students to recognize the strategies they used in writing the questions[3]

Note that this activity can be assigned as an individual task as well.

PointersEdit

  • improves questioning, reasoning and reading comprehension skills
  • encourages thinking skills
  • learning in stress-free environment
  • students learn to use meta-cognition[4]

How to use this method in online class?Edit

To use this activity as a group assignment, students can be divided into Zoom breakout rooms or Google Meet breakout rooms. Then, students can use a shared Google document to list their questions. In the main session, students present their questions to the teacher.

FootnotesEdit

  1. Reading Educator, ‘Reciprocal Questioning”, n.d., received from http://www.readingeducator.com/strategies/request.htm
  2. TAP Facilitator Resource Center, ‘Reciprocal Questioning”, n.d., received from https://sites.google.com/site/tapfacilitatorresourcecenter/questioning-techniques/reciprical-questioning
  3. Ibid, note 1
  4. Ibid, note 2