A Handbook of Kyrgyz Grammar

Kyrgyz is a Turkic language of Central Asia. It is a national language of the Kyrgyz Republic, but is also spoken in some areas of China and Kazakhstan. This is a short exposition of certain essential points of Kyrgyz grammar. It was not originally intended as a primary teaching text, but rather to be used on the fly.

Kyrgyz people with a Yurt. Speakers of Kyrgyz cover a diverse group of peoples, from the city to the countryside.

Sounds and alphabetEdit

1.1 Sounds and Alphabet
1.2 Voiced and Voiceless Consonants
1.3 Suffixes and Vowel Harmony

Word orderEdit

2.1 Word Order


3.1 Articles


4.1 Introduction to the Case System
4.2 Meaning of Cases
4.2.1 Nominative
4.2.2 Genitive
4.2.3 Dative
4.2.4 Accusative
4.2.5 Locative
4.2.6 Ablative
4.3 Plural
4.4 Pronouns
4.4.1 Personal and Demonstrative Pronouns
4.4.2 The Reflexive Pronoun

Simple SentencesEdit

Simple Sentences
5.1 Equational Sentences (e.g., "She is a doctor.")
5.1.1 Negation of Equational Sentences (e.g., "She is not a doctor.")
5.1.2 Past Tense of Equational Sentences (e.g., "She was a doctor.")
5.2 "There is;" "There are;" "There is not;" "There are not"
5.3 "Here is;" "Here are"
5.4 "To Have"

Interrogative wordsEdit


Conjunctions and other particlesEdit





Works ConsultedEdit