ABC graphs
In Chemistry

Authors edit

Vladislav Ivaništšev

Introduction edit

ABC graphs is a general name for diagrams showing Atom symbols, Bonding paths, atomic Charges, lone electrons (with Dots), and empty orbitals (with Ellipsis). Specific information shown on a given diagram is reflected in its name, so one may refer to AB, ABC, ABCD or ABCDE graphs.

An AB graph is a molecular graph analogues to a ball-and-stick model, yet it shows atoms with symbols and bonding paths with single lines (instead of balls and multiple sticks).

For all graphs more complicated than AB, let us agree that each drawn line corresponds to a σ-bond sharing of a pair of electrons. Then, to draw a structure one should use simple rules for determining the atomic charges, number of lone electrons, and empty orbitals.

Table of Contents edit

Drawing examples edit

Structure–property relations edit

Chemistry of elements edit