A-level Chemistry/OCR (Salters)/Engineering Proteins

Engineering Proteins is the eighth unit in the Salters Advanced Chemistry course.

A ribbon diagram of the human insulin hexamer, showing two Zn2+ ions and the histidine residues that ligate them. Each insulin monomer making up the hexamer is coloured differently.

Chemical Storylines sections edit

  • EP1 Christopher's story
  • EP2 Protein building
  • EP3 Genetic engineering
  • EP4 Proteins in 3D
  • EP5 Giving evolution a push
  • EP6 Enzymes
  • EP7 Summary

Chemical Ideas sections edit

  • 3.3 Shapes of molecules (revision)
  • 3.5 Geometric isomerism (revision)
  • 3.6 Optical isomerism
  • 5.3 Forces between molecules: temporary and permanent dipoles (revision)
  • 5.4 Forces between molecules: hydrogen bonding (revision)
  • 6.6 Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
  • 7.1 Chemical equilibrium (revision)
  • 7.2 Equilibria and concentrations
  • 10.2 The effect of temperature on rate (revision)
  • 10.3 The effect of concentration on rate
  • 10.5 How do catalysts work? (revision)
  • 13.3 Carboxylic acids and their derivatives (revision)
  • 13.4 The –OH group in alcohols, phenols and acids (revision)
  • 13.8 Amines and amides (revision)
  • 13.9 Amino acids

Activities edit

  • EP2.1 Investigating amines and amino acids
  • EP2.2 What’s in aspartame?
  • EP2.3 Using nuclear magnetic resonance (n.m.r.) spectroscopy for structure determination
  • EP2.4 The shapes of a-amino acids
  • EP2.5 A testing smell
  • EP2.6 Taking note of proteins
  • EP2.7 Modelling DNA
  • EP2.8 Life reveals its twisted secret
  • EP6.1 Testing for glucose
  • EP6.2 Succinate dehydrogenase (Optional extension)
  • EP6.3 The effect of enzyme and substrate concentration on the rate of a reaction
  • EP6.4 Using the iodine clock method to find the order of a reaction
  • EP6.5 Enzyme kinetics
  • EP7 Check your notes on Engineering Proteins

External links edit