A+ Certification/Exam Objectives/Operating Systems

Identifying operating systems edit

Although the examination focuses almost exclusively on Microsoft's Windows operating system (OS), one should also know about differences among other operating systems.

Microsoft operating systems:

  • Legacy Windows OSes (need only to know upgrade paths):
    • Windows 95
    • Windows 98
    • Windows ME
    • Windows NT 4.0
    • Windows 2000
    • Windows XP
  • Current Windows OSes (focus on these for the new exam):
    • Windows Vista
    • Windows 7
    • Windows 8
    • Windows 10

Apple operating systems:

  • Mac OS X (which is based on Unix-like system-exam question)
  • iOS (for iPhone, iPad, iPod Touch)

Unix-like operating systems:

  • BSD (and derivations like FreeBSD, OpenBSD, and NetBSD)
  • NextStep
  • GNU/Linux
  • Google Android