Korean/Demonstrative pronouns

Learn Korean (Introduction)Reading and writing
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Grammar: Sentence word orderVerbsNounsParticlesPersonal pronounsDemonstrative pronounsAdjectivesDeterminersConjunctionsComparatives & superlativesForming questionsForming commandsForming dates & times

Demonstrative object pronounsEdit

Korean has three demonstrative pronouns for objects:

  • 이것 (this, i-geot) is used when the object is nearby the speaker.
  • 그것 (that, geu-geot) is used when the object is near the listener. It is also used when the speaker already mentioned the object.
  • 저것 (that [over there], jeo-geot) is used when the object is far from the speaker and the listener.

Examples:

  • 이것은 이상하다: This is strange.
  • 그것은 이상하다: That is strange.
  • 저것은 이상하다: That [over there] is strange.

When (the topic marker) follows those pronouns, they are often contracted as follows:

Examples:

  • 이건 이상하다: This is strange.
  • 그건 이상하다: That is strange.
  • 저건 이상하다: That [over there] is strange.

When (the subject marker) follows those pronouns, they are often contracted as follows:

Examples:

  • 이게 이상하다: This is strange.
  • 그게 이상하다: That is strange.
  • 저게 이상하다: That [over there] is strange.

Demonstrative personal pronounsEdit

Korean has three demonstrative pronouns for people.

  • 이분 is used when the person is nearby the speaker.
  • 그분 is used when the person is near the listener.
  • 저분 is used when the person is far from the speaker and the listener.

Examples:

  • 이분 이 누구입니까?: Who is this person?
  • 그분 이 누구입니까?: Who is that person?
  • 저분 이 누구입니까?: Who is that person [over there]?

Demonstrative determinersEdit

Also , , and can be used in front of nouns:


Learn Korean (Introduction)Reading and writing
Conversation1단계: Beginner2단계: High beginner3단계: Low intermediate4단계: High intermediate5단계: Low advanced6단계: Advanced

Grammar: Sentence word orderVerbsNounsParticlesPersonal pronounsDemonstrative pronounsAdjectivesDeterminersConjunctionsComparatives & superlativesForming questionsForming commandsForming dates & times

Last modified on 5 June 2013, at 15:33