Last modified on 4 June 2012, at 08:07

Chess Opening Theory/1. d4/1...Nf6/2. c4/2...c5/3. d5/3...b5

Benko Gambit
a b c d e f g h
8 a8 b8 c8 d8 e8 f8 g8 h8 8
7 a7 b7 c7 d7 e7 f7 g7 h7 7
6 a6 b6 c6 d6 e6 f6 g6 h6 6
5 a5 b5 c5 d5 e5 f5 g5 h5 5
4 a4 b4 c4 d4 e4 f4 g4 h4 4
3 a3 b3 c3 d3 e3 f3 g3 h3 3
2 a2 b2 c2 d2 e2 f2 g2 h2 2
1 a1 b1 c1 d1 e1 f1 g1 h1 1
a b c d e f g h
Position in Forsyth-Edwards Notation(FEN)

rnbqkb1r/p2ppppp/5n2/1ppP4/2P5/8/PP2PPPP/RNBQKBNR

Moves: 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 c5 3.d5 b5
ECO code: A57-A59
Parent: Benoni Defence

Benko GambitEdit

Black offers the b5 pawn in return for a slight lead in development and a superior pawn structure. The main idea is that Black gets strong positional pressure against White's queenside, where he has two open files for his rooks (after ...a6), and an open diagonal for the fianchetto on g7. The pawn structure has lasting effect and often even if White enters the endgame up a pawn, he will find it hard to convert this advantage into a win. As theory has developed, however, it's become harder for Black to find lines with winning chances and with proper play white can usually weather the storm.

Theory tableEdit

For explanation of theory tables see theory table and for notation see algebraic notation.

1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 c5 3. d5 b5

4 5 6 7
cxb5
a6
bxa6
Bxa6
Nc3
d6
Nf3
g6
Nf3
g6
cxb5
a6
Nc3
axb5
e4
b4
a4
b4
Nd2
g6
e4
d6
Ngf3
Bg7
Nd2

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ReferencesEdit

  • Batsford Chess Openings 2 (1989, 1994). Garry Kasparov, Raymond Keene. ISBN 0-8050-3409-9.