Life Cycle of U.S. Battery Electric Vehicle Sales


Battery Electric VehiclesEdit

When people speak of "electric cars" today, they often mean to refer to Battery Electric Vehicles. BEVs are fully-electric, highway-capable vehicles with rechargeable on-board batteries. Unlike plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), or "hybrids," they do not have any built in gasoline engine.

HistoryEdit

Battery-powered electric vehicles actually predate the internal combustion engine. In 1899 and 1900 more electric vehicles were sold in the US than gasoline and steam cars combined. Range was adequate for city driving, however trips outside the city were problematic. Electricity was scarce outside of cities, rendering long-distance travel virtually not an option. Gradually, electric vehicles were bested by Henry Ford and his Model T.

Innovation in Battery Electric TechnologyEdit

Policy InnovationsEdit

Growth and Maturity of BEVsEdit

Data and AnalysisEdit

Year HEV Vehicles Sold Predicted Sales
1999 17 51
2000 9350 254
2001 20282 1254
2002 22335 6124
2003 47566 28386
2004 84199 106674
2005 205828 240706
2006 253518 322522
2007 352862 346286
2008 315688 351515
2009 290740 352590
2010 274421 352808
2011 269178 352852