Interesting social sciences/Theory of personality types
Karl Jung and Valery Starikov about personality types.
Personality types. Educational film.
English subtitles exist in this video. How can you choose your profession and spouse? This educational film is designed so that viewers learn to see the identification marks of personality types on the faces of people around them and determine the type of personality by these signs. To do this, I sat down separately of personality types in the class. Speakers are sitting on the centre row. Psychologists are sitting on the right row from the teacher. Technicians are sitting on the left row from the teacher. Three theorists sit only in the first class to the right of the teacher at the window near the piano, I gathered of three theorists from 4 classes (about 100 people).
Choice of profession based on personality type
English subtitles exist in this video. Choice of profession and recruitment based on personality type.
Relying on the theory of Carl Gustav Jung, I created the psychological theory, which makes it possible to make a large quantity of forecasts about the inclinations in the behavior of people. Then these forecasts can be checked in empirical researches. I have done research in the school, in employment agency and in the female prison already. The results of these empirical researches confirmed my forecasts only partially, which makes me more cautious about making similar forecasts in the future. Human behavior is the consequence of many reasons. My forecasts allow to foresee only some most important of these reasons. And only empirical researches makes it possible to reveal all reasons of human behavior.
Comparative analysis of theories and tests about personality types edit
My purpose consists of the demonstration of this fact that, from one side, my researches go in mainstream of similar researches in the West, and, from other side, my basic principles differ somewhat from the ideas of other West authors. The history of science shows that the first circumstance protects partly from the transformation of author's ideas into complete scientific delirium, and the second circumstance protects partly from the transformation of author's ideas into the plagiarism or into the attempt to invent bicycle, invented long ago already.
Karl Jung has created theory about the personality types, according to which all people can be divided into
Then Karl Jung has distinguished in them four functions of the consciousness:
Extraversion is the direction of attention to the external environment of personality - to the rumors, the fashion, the prices, wealth, prestige and power. Introversion is the direction of attention of personality to own internal peace ‐ to own ideas and own principles, to books and own creativity. External signs of extravert are widely opened eyes, aspiration to communication with numerous friends, to new acquaintances, to adventures and attack. External signs of introvert are shyness, timid look, unsociability, aspiration to loneliness and protection. Sensation and intuition are opposite to each other, a feeling and thinking are opposite to each other. Each person possesses one dominant function of consciousness and two auxiliary functions of consciousness. The fourth function, opposite to dominant function, inferior function is depressed at this person. The attempt to develop inferior function can lead to the nervous disorder. Each person uses dominant function perfectly. Each person uses two auxiliary functions with difficulty. Each person cann't use inferior function because this function isn't developed at the person absolutely. Each man obtains his personality type by the inheritance from the parents and man isn't capable to replace own personality type in the course of the life, although man is capable to develop not only own dominant function, but also man is capable to develop own auxiliary functions. Thus, according to Karl Jung, there is six indicators ‐ introversion, extraversion, sensation, intuition, feeling and thinking.
Eight personality types exist:
thinking extravert. 
Karl Jung has given the verbal description of these eight personality types, but Karl Jung didn't compose tests to personality type. Therefore the followers of Karl Jung attempted to clarify a few theoretical construction of it's "teacher" Karl Jung and the followers of Karl Jung attempted to compose validate tests.
For achievement the first purpose (to clarify a few theoretical construction) it is necessary, in my opinion, to make the following:
- First, it is necessary to distract in the typology from the separation on extraverts and introverts. The results of my observations show that theorist is bright introvert always, that speaker is bright extravert always, that technicians and psychologists possess extraversion or introversion to the insignificant degree.
- Secondly, it is necessary to refine somewhat the some indicators of Karl Jung, for example, it is necessary to replace the indeterminate function “a feeling” on the more concrete specific more physiological function “oral speech”, such personality type, as speaker learns about the rumors and the estimations, which rule in the public opinion, exactly, in the process of a constant communication with help of oral speech. It is necessary to replace partly animal function “sensation” to the exceptionally human function “capability to tool activity”. It is necessary to replace function “thinking” on the close in the sense function “abstract ‐ logical thinking”.
My theory about the personality types edit
Thus, four personality types exist:
- a psychologist,
- a technician,
- a speaker,
- a theorist,
each of which has a inclination to use own, first of all, dominant function of the consciousness: the psychologist has a inclination to use intuition, the technician has a inclination to use capability to tool activity, the speaker has a inclination to use oral speech, the theorist has a inclination to use abstract ‐ logical thinking.
Theories about personality types of Katharine Briggs and Isabel Myers edit
Katharine Cook Briggs and her daughter Isabel Briggs Myers have added to six Jung indicators still two indicators ‐ Judging (planning) and Perception (impulsiveness). Capability to Judging (planning) means the inclination to make a decision in advance and to act according to the plan, working on intermediate stages and ways to achieve the goal. Perception (impulsiveness) means the inclination to have many options and to act in the dependence from the circumstances. Thus, Katharine Cook Briggs and Isabel Briggs Myers have received sixteen personality types on the basis of eight indicators, but, in my opinion, it is too much for the visual testing.
In my opinion, the conceptual corrections of Katharine Cook Briggs and Isabel Briggs Maers to Jung's theory were not entirely successful for the following reasons.
- First, their criteria are interdepended, capability to thinking includes planning and capability to thinking excludes impulsiveness, capability to a feeling exclude planning and capability to a feeling means impulsive actions.
- Secondly, the typology of Katharine Cook Briggs and Isabel Briggs Myers resembles artificial theoretical construction, because sixteen types is too much for the visual testing. It is not possible to compose the list of identification marks for sixteen types of personality. Personality types of Katharine Cook Briggs and Isabel Briggs Myers don't exist in the nature, thus these people investigate what exists only in their heads.
- Thirdly, the typology of Katharine Cook Briggs and Isabel Briggs Maers doesn't have physiological substantiation, because the centers of Judging (planning) and Perception (impulsiveness) don't exist in the human brain, but centers of oral speech, tool activity, intuition and abstract ‐ logical thinking exist in the human brain.
Typologies of Katharine Cook Briggs, Isabel Briggs Maers, David Keirsey and socionics of Aušra Augustinavičiūtė are a delirium and pseudoscience, similar to astrology, my typology is better than their typologies. If your money were spent for use of their typology for career guidance, then this money were wasted. Advantage of my typology consists that the visual test exists in my typology unlike typologies of my competitors. My visual test gives results about personality type of the respondent with bigger degree of reliability and validity. I consider that my visual test gives more reliable results, than my verbal test even. My competitors can't create the visual test in principle as too many the personality types (16) exist in their typologies in comparison with my typology (4 personality types exist in my typology). My competitors can't recheck results of their verbal test with help of visual test, and I can recheck results of the my verbal test with help of visual test even then, when the respondent consciously lies on the verbal test or the respondent does not understand test questions because facial expression (identification marks) of the respondent lies never. In my opinion, the personality type is written on a face, literally on a forehead at each person. It is necessary to be able to see this personality type on a forehead. It is very useful in our life. I can teach of any person during several lectures to see this the personality type on the faces of surrounding people with help of identification marks.
Theories of Evgeny Klimov, Victor Soroka ‐ Rosinskiy, Martin Trow edit
My recommendations regarding the selection of profession have much in common with recommendations Evgeny Aleksandrovich Klimov.
He divided all professions into five types:
- “man‐ nature”,
- "man - technics”,
- “man‐ man”,
- “man ‐ sign”,
- “man ‐ artistic image”.
In my opinion, the first type ("man-nature") of professions is intended for such personality type as the technician (livestock breeder, agriculturist, veterinary physician, microbiologist, chemical Laboratory Assistant). The second type ("man - technics”) of professions is intended for such personality type as the technician (engineer, turner, electrician, welder, tractor operator, joiner, architect, builder). The third type ("man - man”) of professions on the management by people is intended for such personality type as the speaker (head, politician, seller, businessman, officer). Third type ("man - man”) of professions, which assume individual work with the client is intended for such personality type as the psychologist (psychotherapist, educator, priest). Fourth type (“man ‐ sign”) of routine professions is intended for such personality type as technician (bookkeeper, programmer, draftsman, corrector, scientist ‐ experimenter, cartographer, secretary). Fourth type (“man ‐ sign”) of creative professions is intended for such personality type as the theorist (scientist ‐ theorist, jurist, editor). Fifth type of professions is intended for such personality type as the psychologist (artist, writer).
Other authors stated the similar ideas about four the personality types of teachers, students or philosophers.
For example, Victor Nikolaevich Soroka ‐ Rosinskiy have named four “breed” of teachers:
- proponents of utilitarianism,
Martin Trow has named four categories of the students:
which resemble theorist, speaker, technicist, psychologist respectively. In the opinion of Martin Trow, “collegials” like to organize parties and to play sports, grades have for them secondary importance. “Professionals” try to study well and to settle well in the future, but they are not interested in academic science. "Academics" are passionate about studying from the heart, and not for profit, they dream of becoming graduate students and professors. “Nonconformists” are representatives of "bohemia" who do not care about study, nonconformists despise average people and nonconformists conduct a loose life.
My tests on personality type edit
I have published verbal and visual tests on the personality type. The verbal test is intended for determining personality type of anonymous respondents, and the visual test is intended for determining the personality type of the surrounding people. My experience of visual testing was accumulated for many years of conducting these studies. There is nothing supernatural in this skill of determination of the personality type of with the help of the visual test.
Nature of the relations between the types of personality edit
Diagram 1 indicates the nature of the relations between the types of personality. The best relations exist between the identical personality types, for example, the best relations exist between two technicians. Acceptable relations exist between the close personality types, for example, acceptable relations exist between the technician and the theorist, between the theorist and the psychologist, between the psychologist and the speaker, between the speaker and the technician. The relations of hostility and incomprehension exist between the opposite personality types frequently, for example, the relations of hostility and incomprehension exist between the technician and the psychologist, between the theorist and the speaker. The nature of these relations is manifested in the conflicts or in the inclination toward the collaboration in all spheres of society.
PSYCHOLOGIST ┼ TECHNICIAN
Verbal test edit
|1. What is your role in small group?||Strong lone person||Leader||Ordinary performer||Most spiritual|
|2. As whom do you want to work?||As scientific theorist.||As leader, as businessman.||As bookkeeper, as engineer.||As artist, as tutor.|
|3.What is your favourite academic discipline? What is your relation to study?||Social sciences and mathematics. I like to learn.||Physical education. I don't like to learn.||Design & technology.||Music, literature.|
|4.What is your hobby?||Scientific books.||Meetings of friends.||Technics.||Art.|
|5. What is your style of clothing?||Classical, oldfashioned.||Fashionable.||Uniform, clean.||Extravagant.|
|6. What is your model for the imitation.||Scientific genius.||King, rich person.||Hard worker.||Religious prophet.|
|7. By whom and how do you like to work?||Alone.||As leader.||As subordinated.||As substitute.|
|8. What do you able to do in the business?||To make the strategic plan.||To lead, to undertake, to risk.||To support discipline.||To see prospect.|
|9. What is your method of obtaining of power?||Power is not necessary for me.||With help of elections or uprising.||With help of inheritance of power.||Behind the scene fight, with help of intrigues.|
|10. What is your relation to the people?||People don't interest for me.||People must work on me and people must be subordinated to me.||People must observe discipline.||I am able to use their weaknesses.|
|11. What is your image on the service?||Expert.||Public worker, leader.||"Skilled hands", born performer.||Man, especially approximate to chief.|
|12. What is your role in the science?||Theorist.||Organizer of conferences.||Experimenter.||Utopianist, mystic, dreamer.|
|13. What do you able do in life?||To solve problems with help of own intellect.||To lead, to communicate.||To repair the equipment.||To dream, to love.|
|14. What is your favourite game or the kind of sport?||Chess.||Gamblings. Command games.||Technical forms of sport.||Figure skating, artistic gymnastics|
|15. What is your advantage?||Prudence.||I have many friends.||Practicalness.||Cunning.|
|16. What are you able to manipulate?||By theories and arguments.||By people.||By technical devices.||By artistic images.|
|17. What is your meaning of life?||Scientific truths.||Power and wealth.||My duty.||Love.|
|18. What is your style of composition in science?||Scientific.||Popular.||Applied.||Lyric, spiritual.|
|19. What is your ideal in the policy?||Reformers.||Adventurers.||Conservatives.||Utopianists.|
|20. What is your recipe of the success in the life?||Plan and persistence in achievement of the goal.||Good luck.||Patience, diligence and accuracy.||To find of patron.|
Visual test edit
Each personality type has identification marks in appearance. The ability to see this identification marks allows to add visual test to verbal test or do testing with help of visual test without verbal test at all. This ability comes together with experience growth of determination of personality type. It is not always conveniently to propose verbal test to own chief but nobody will forbid to us to apply to own chief the visual test. Only visual test makes it possible to determine the personality type of man, imprinted in the materials of video. The visual observation is more convenient method in comparison with the application of a verbal test, because application of the visual test doesn't distract of surrounding people from performance of own direct duties. For example, the method of covert observational research have used by me under conducting of the research of unemployment problems for different personality types, when I sat on reception at the inspector in Public employment agency in town Berezniki. I determined the personality type of unemployed people with help of the identification marks and I fixed into the notebook the information, obtained from the dialogue between this unemployed people and inspector. Respondent can lie during the answer to questions of verbal test about own personality type, but his face will lie never about own personality type. Therefore the results of visual test about own personality type are more precise and more reliable in comparison with the results of verbal test. The personality type is written on a forehead at each person. The reliability of the results of visual test can be accepted as absolute. I have executed an empirical research for the purpose to determine the degree of reliability and the degree of the validity of verbal test in 2003 in the school of №6 town Berezniki. I have defined personality types of pupils in advance on the basis of observation for them during one year with help of use of the visual test. Then I proposed to them to answer on questions of verbal test. 94 pupils was interrogated The results of visual and verbal test have coincided in 74 people. The degree of the reliability of the results of verbal test, the degree of the coincidence of the results of visual test and results of verbal test have composed 79%. Such is degree of validity of the verbal test. The especially low degree of the coincidence of the results of visual test and results of verbal test is observed at technicians.
I used my method of definition of types of the personality with help of visual test in all three methods of data collection under observational techniques:
- Covert observational research. When I conducted a research in jobcenter and I sat on reception at the inspector.
- Overt observational research. When I as sociologist interviewed of imprisoned women in prison on the personality type.
- Participant observation. When I worked as the teacher at school.
|External signs. Identification marks||Theorist||Speaker||Technician||Psychologist.|
|1. Role in the small group.||Strong lone person.||Leader or candidate into the leaders||Ordinary performer||Especially approximate to the leader. Bootlicker.|
|2. Expression of the face.||Intellectual, uncommunicative. "absent-minded professor".||Friendly, impudent.||Cold, passionless.||Spiritualized, emotional. Sexy appearance.|
|3. Style of speech.||Categorical, laconic.||Business-like||Monotonous.||Pathos.|
|4. Style of thinking.||Original, logical, abstract.||Superficial.||Concrete, practical, cliched.||Figurative, intuitive, associative.|
|5. Direct of interests.||Science.||Rumors, business, prices, policy.||Equipment, craft, needlework.||Love, religion, art.|
|6. Style of clothing.||Classical, he doesn't pay attention to clothes style.||Fashionable.||Clean, he like uniform.||Extravagant, bohemian|
|7. Stile of public performance from the rostrum.||He feels a panic fear before a public performance from the rostrum.||Born orator.||Performance from the rostrum on a piece of paper.||Pathos style. As religious prophet.|
|8. His support in conflict and his style of behavior in the course of conflict.||He counts only on himself, he shows strong character.||He leans on numerous friends. He is the organizer and the instigator of conflict.||Support on leader. Firmness or passiveness in the course of conflict.||Support of the patron. Provocateur of conflict. He quarrels with others, and he tries to stay away. He shows weakness of character and the readiness to humiliate in the course of the conflict.|
|9. Position in communication.||Detached position on to the principle: "Doesn't concern me".||"The position from above", he shows big ambitions.||Sense of duty, submission without humiliation.||“Position from below”, he is capable to be humiliated.|
I have tested 242 pupils of 8, 9, 10, 11 grades of school № 6 of town Berezniki in 2002 with help of visual test. It has become clear as a result of these researches that shares of the personality types in population make:
- psychologists ‐ 19%, among them boys ‐ 1/5, girls ‐ 4/5,
- technicians ‐ 32%, among them boys ‐ 1/2, girls ‐ 1/2,
- speakers ‐ 46%, among them boys ‐ 1/2 girls ‐ 1/2,
- theorists ‐ 3%, among them boys ‐ 2/3, girls ‐ 1/3.
The list of the recommended professions and degree of readiness to submission which should be taken into account when it need select personnel and choice profession. edit
Psychologist is the born artist, priest, kindergarten teacher, teacher of elementary school, graphic designer, psychiatrist, trainer of animals, marketing specialist, fashion designer, model, sex worker and the representative of other creative professions.
Technician is the born official, accountant, dentist, surgeon, programmer, scientist ‐ experimenter, engineer, draftsman, electrician, driver, welder, builder and the representative of other technical professions.
Speaker is the born chief, businessman, merchant, army officer, police officer, politician, master of ceremonies (compère) and the representative of other leading and commercial professions.
Theorist is the born professor, scientist ‐ theorist, jurist, banker, editor and the representative of other intellectual professions.
As a last resort, man can choose the professions which are recommended for the close personality types according to diagram 1 and man can become by second ‐ grade specialist, but it is impossible to choose the professions recommended for opposite the personality types, which the person is not able to master simply. For example, theorist can become second ‐ grade electrician or second ‐ grade priest, but he will be able to become chief or businessman never. Some professions require from the man of diverse and even opposite abilities frequently. For example, the profession of secretary requires from man of the knowledge of office equipment and abilities to construct the personal relations with the chief. Technician has knowledge of office equipment, but technician isn't able construct the personal relations with the chief. The psychologist - on the contrary. The speaker is able to do almost everything, but the speaker it is not capable to submit.
Subordinated man has to have not only ability to master of profession, but also readiness to submission to the chief. The personality types differ from each other in the size of the degree of readiness to submission. Who from personality types is most suitable for a role of performer? What useful or harmful qualities of character does each type of person show when playing the role of a subordinated man?
Psychologist has such useful qualities of character as the ability to guess all desires of own chief immediately and to write denunciations on own colleagues. Psychologist has such useful qualities of character as capability to the thin flattery and to intrigues, the ability to establish special relations with own chief and even to become by mistress. Therefore psychologist is better suitable to the role of substitute than others personality types.
Technician likes routine, discipline, constant place of work, for example, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of USSR technician Vyacheslav Molotov had a nickname “stone ass” because of the improbable assiduity.
Speaker has such useful qualities of character as ability to communicate, activity and enterprise, the ability to head one of the subordinates of subdivisions, but these qualities are not required for the performer by definition almost.
Theorist is the generator of ideas and inventions, theorist doesn't pretend on the role of chief completely.
Psychologist has such negative qualities of character as inability to understand the device of the equipment and inability to do repair, unwillingness to maintain purity in a workplace, ability to write denunciations on his chief into the higher instances or ability to betray of own chief into the difficult minute because of the weakness of character or for the sake of personal career. Sex is secret weapon in the career of psychologist for achievement of his own purposes, for example, psychologist is capable to provide sexual services to his chief in exchange for dismissal of the enemies of psychologist. The enemies of psychologist are technicians frequently.
The technician has no shortcomings as subordinated man almost because the technician is a born performer. The only shortcoming of the technician is the inability to come into contact with the client, for example, this qualities of character is very important for the ordinary seller in the sphere of trade. The speaker is the best ordinary seller, because the speaker is the most sociable of the personality types, therefore buyers seek to communicate and to buy something at the speaker.
The speaker has such negative qualities of character as excessive ambitions, therefore speaker is dangerous for the chief, because speaker dreams to occupy the place of own chief always. Speaker is informal leader in the organization and instigator of conflict for power with the formal leader. Speaker has inclination to the organization of collective booze at the workplace, inclination to group crimes, thefts and fraud. The work of speaker contains the concealed defects frequently. The speaker has not enough sense of duty and diligence. The speaker spends too much working hours on insignificant talks and smoke breaks. The speaker doesn't love to study technical literature. The speaker is capable to insult of own chief impudently in response on fair criticism. The speaker loves to exploit of own colleagues. In a word, as the speaker Leon Trotsky has told after Lenin's death: "I am not born for errands. I want to be either near Vladimir Lenin, or on his place".
Shortcomings of the theorist consist that theorist isn't capable to unquestionable submission, for example, the theorist is capable to defend own point of view in the scientific work in spite of the opinion his chief even. The internal principles of theorist do not make possible for it to flatter and to be flexible in the behavior.
It is possible to draw a conclusion that the best candidate for a role of the performer is the technician, the worst performer is the speaker, the theorist and the psychologist fit for this role more or less.
The list of advantages and problems in the life for the different personality types edit
Psychologist has the following advantages in the life:
- The high degree of sexuality, which makes possible for psychologist many times to enter into the marriage and to search for husband, capable of becoming the source of protection and the source of money for the large family.
- Craftsmanship in fight behind the scene, which goes on in any “office”, insidiousness and cunning, the ability to use human weaknesses of the surrounding people in own interests, ability to be by substitute of chief, ability to solicit for itself benefits and privileges, to establish special relations with the chief, to squeeze into trust, to betray of patron if it is necessary.
Psychologist has the following problems in the life:
- The absence of the capabilities for manual craft and inability to understand the equipment device, all this results to the unemployment and to the parasitic moods.
Technician has the following advantages:
- The wide choice of professions in the industrial society, where technician can use its “golden hands”.
- Inclination to manifest such qualities of character as practicalness, patience, diligence and accuracy in the routine work, ability to be an obedient performer.
Technician has the following problems in the life:
- Low degree of sexuality therefore technician risks to encounter with such problems as spousal treason, late age of marriage or personal solitude.
- Low level of enterprise in the business and inability to search for the new place of work.
Speaker has the following advantages:
- Leader’s qualities of character and the ability to lead by organization or state.
- Oratorical talent and talent of a military leader.
- Entrepreneurial talent in business and ability to have broad contacts and acquaintances everywhere.
- The highest degree of success in love and sufficient level of sexuality.
- Ability to make meteoric career, to transfer from one channel of social circulation to another, to have the biggest, but unstable income
Speaker has the following problems in the life:
- Inclination to alcoholism and the group crimes , especially in the youth.
- Unwillingness to learn and to receive high education level. The absence of the diploma about the higher education prevents that speaker can reach big heights in career of the chief.
- Unwillingness to follow rules of the routine, the low degree of diligence.
Theorist has the following advantages:
- Highest education level.
- Absence of inclination to the deviant behavior (to alcoholism, drug addiction and criminal behavior).
- Existence of the long-term plan for the rest of life.
- Highest degree of the development of intellect.
Theorist has the following problems in the life:
- Inability to lead by people.
- Absence of entrepreneurial talent and absence of inclination to be occupied by business.
- Difficulties in communication at children's age because of extreme degree of an introversion.
- Numerous conflicts with the speakers under the conditions of huge numerical superiority of the speakers over theorists. The conditions of constant pressure from the side of speakers bring up strong character of theorist.
- Theorist has the lowest level of discipline of pupils in the process of the teaching in the secondary school. Theorist has the lowest degree of the success in the love, the theorist feels a panic fear in the course of performance from the rostrum.
In my opinion, all four personality types are equivalent, simply they are differed from each other in their abilities, but each of them is capable to find own social niche. There are no bad personality types. Each type of personality has own shortcomings and own advantages in comparison with other personality types. For example, psychologist isn't suitable for the work in the industry and for manual craft, psychologist is a little suitable for military service, for business and for work as the chief. But woman-psychologist has the highest level of development of sexual instincts, psychologist has the highest success in the behind the scene fight and psychologist has the highest success in use of three secondary in the contemporary society channels of vertical mobility ‐ family channel, religious channel and artistic channel. Some teachers-speakers take offense at me very much because of my statement that speakers are unsuitable completely for use of the scientific channel, although teachers-speakers can have the Doctoral Academic degree, received “on the acquaintance” without the special scientific merits. In my opinion, only theorists and technicists can use scientific channel. Only theorists are capable to formulate the original scientific ideas and original scientific theories even in spite of the authority of Bible and the public opinion, only such theorists as Charles Darwin and Nicolaus Copernicus were able to do that. Only theorists are capable to become by scientific geniuses and by generator of original ideas. Only technicists can check these original theories in experimental researches better than others personal types. Thus, theorist can use only one scientific channel. Speaker can use four very important in the society channels ‐ political channel, army, business and press. Furthermore, speaker attempts to use other channels, but these his efforts are vain often. Therefore the speaker is inclined to plagiarism in science and the speaker has low theoretical level. The speaker just is afraid to state the original ideas, but it isn't possible to develop science without promotion of own original hypotheses. All ideas of speaker are someone else's, and theorist creates ideas only by his own forces. The basic reason for this phenomenon lies in the fact that speaker possesses by a bright extraversion, and theorist possesses by a bright introversion. Own internal principles and own ideas are the main objects of attention of the theorist, and the power over people is the main object of attention of the speaker. It is the speakers who have a inclination to write off at examinations at own numerous friends. It is the speakers who have inclination to the organization of failure of lessons already at school. The speaker is capable to study well for the sake of good grades and successful career sometimes, but only theorists are capable to study with all the heart for the sake of receiving of knowledge. The theorist tries to learn well in this case only on the separate subjects, which have generated his scientific interest. The speaker is capable to the organization of scientific conferences better than other personality types. The speaker is capable to the management of the scientific organizations and educational institutions because speaker has many friends in the scientific sphere, because speaker is able to find sponsors and speaker has the highest leader’s qualities of character. Speaker is capable to be engaged in popularisation of someone else's scientific ideas. Speaker is capable to be engaged only in descriptive sciences (Local history, history, geography), which don't contain deep scientific generalizations. I do not know a single great speaker - scientist. And however, as an example of speakers in science it is possible to point to Friedrich Engels and Vladimir Lenin who have brought a negative contribution to social sciences as they preached the false communistic ideas. Friedrich Engels couldn't graduate even a gymnasium, but Friedrich Engels claimed to become by great philosopher. Friedrich Engels has became by sponsor for Karl Marx's family, Friedrich Engels has organized the edition of works of Karl Marx. Friedrich Engels has became by organizer of the political union of communists – the First International (International Workingmen's Association). Vladimir Lenin was excluded from the Kazan university because of the organization of disorders, Vladimir Lenin has graduated by juridical Faculty as external student, Vladimir Lenin has organized political party and successful seizure of power in Russia. Vladimir Lenin became by tyrant and Vladimir Lenin used philosophy for justification of these unseemly purposes. Psychologists are supporters of a utopia and authors of fairy tales in the social sciences, psychologists are supporters of theology and mysticism as Plato, Plotinus, Augustine of Hippo, Thomas Aquinas, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Friedrich Nietzsche and Karl Marx. Psychologists possess by superfluous originality of the ideas, which are converted into the fairy tale, the religion, the art fiction or the utopia for this reason. Technicians possess by pattern thinking and technicians are the born conservatives and reactionaries in the social sciences. For example, some of them consider until now in Russia that Karl Marx is the genius of all times and peoples. Technicians are forced to hide own theoretical backwardness behind quasiscientific style of compositions. Technician is a born performer, technician is capable to be excessively exacting as chief and the technician is capable to organize petty control over subordinates even. Technicians are the second grade when technicians use three important in the modern society of channels (army, science, business) therefore technicians are capable to find the place in life always. Technicians are unsurpassed masters at repair and use of technical devices.
If the share of speakers becomes too high in the country, then conquerors won't be able to win this country, but too many periods of Civil Wars, revolutions and disturbances exist in the history of this country. The history of Russia serves as an example of such country, because of the share of speakers is too high among the Russians. The history of Russia is full a huge number of Times of Troubles, foreign invasions, revolts of peasants, campaigns of conquerors, resettlements or civil wars. Vasily Klyuchevsky even called Russians by the nation of resettlement's people. Only speakers could carry out these tasks and to solve these problems. The high share of speakers among the Russian population found manifestation in the Russian national character in the form aspiration to fight, recklessness, valiant boldness, but also in inclination to alcoholism, in insufficient degree of diligence and accuracy. The geographical location of Russia is inconvenient, Russia is located on the road between Europe and Asia. Russia did not have natural barriers on the eastern boundary and Russia was forced to conquer Great Steppe. The terrible waves of conquerors ‐ nomads went from Asia to Europe. Europeans attempted to enlarge their territory at the expense of Russia. Only speakers could survive in so restless a place according to the principle, expressed in the little ‐ known Russian saying: "If the earth and the sky fail, then we will live on swamp hillocks!". Byzantium was wiped off the face of the Earth by Turkish invasion because of reduction in the share of speakers among the population of Byzantium. Reductions of a share of speakers among the European population happens today because of mass immigration of psychologists from the South to Europe. Byzantium occupied the same inconvenient geographical location as Russia. Researchers are surprised with what ease a small group of speakers - Goths is has captured and plundered the once mighty Rome with the enormous population. The main reason for the loss of Rome is the degeneration of the population of the Roman empire in the form of an increase in the share of psychologists. Increase of a share of psychologists in Ancient Rome has happened because Romans have brought home of Syrian slaves. The high share of speakers among the Russians, the Germans, the Americans and the Englishmen converted them into the outstanding soldiers. The share of theorists isn't too high in any country, because too small of really clever people exists everywhere.
Psychologists manifest their brilliant craftiness in the behind the scene fight, which still no one abolished and which goes in any “office”. Psychologist Joseph Stalin have won in the behind the scene fight of such speakers as Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, Nikolai Bukharin and other. Psychologist Leonid Brezhnev have won in the behind the scene fight speaker Nikita Khrushchev.
It is possible to draw the conclusion that bad personality types don't exist, each personality type has own advantages and own problems in the life in comparison with other personality types. Each personality type lives as is able, using own advantages and hiding own shortcomings. Personality type of the second grade don't exist. If it is expressed briefly, then psychologists come into this world to give birth and raise children, to be engaged in art and to preach religion. Technicians come into this world to work at a factory, to be engaged in manual craft and other types of routine work. Speakers come into this world to govern by other the personality types, to be at war, trade and be engaged in business. Theorists come into this world to write textbooks, to invent and be engaged in scientific research.
Citations and references. edit
- Daryl Sharp. PERSONALITY TYPES Jung’s Model of Typology. Introduction to Jungian Typology.The Basic Model. Page 12. https://www.innercitybooks.net/pdf/books/personalitytypes.pdf
- C. G. Jung. Psychological types or The psychology of individuation. London. 1946. https://monoskop.org/images/8/8d/Jung_Gustav_Carl_Psychological_Types_1946.Pdf
- Neil Smelser. Sociology. New-Jersey Prentice Hall 1988. Chapter 14. Education.