THE MEANING OF SANCTIFICATION
The term for 'sanctification' as used in the New Covenant is HAGIOSMOS and means basically 'set apart', in the sense of being set apart from all else and dedicated for Yahweh God's use.
The concept of 'holiness' is derived from this in that what is set apart unto Yahweh, is not contaminated by the corruption of the world and it's influence. It is wholly set apart unto Him, in purity. For the believer, sanctification defines an internal state of separation from everything in the world brought about by a divine work of grace in the believer's life. This work of grace at salvation sets the believer apart as separate from and holy unto Yahweh God. This state of sanctification is not inherent in the nature of man, nor can it be achieved through human effort, as a cleansing is necessary in the heart of man to achieve this purity from the inherent influence of the world.
In being set apart from the world, the believer is separated from the dominion of the ruler of this world, Satan. He is virtually taken out of the kingdom of Satan by being joined to Messiah, whereby he becomes part of the kingdom of God. "Who has delivered us from the power of darkness, and has translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son" Colossians 1:13
He delivered us from the power of all that is darkness, from all their evil forces and their control over us and has translated us into another kingdom. By delivering us from one, He translates us into another whose characteristics are righteousness, peace and joy in the Holy Spirit (Romans14:17). In this transaction, the believer is rendered pure, holy and set apart.
Sanctification involves separation, dedication, purity, consecration and service.
- In being set apart and separated from sin, he is separated unto God.
- Being separated unto God, he is thereby dedicated unto God and becomes His
- By belonging to the family of God, he is identified with God and made pure.
- Being pure and holy, his life is an acceptable offering and he is consecrated unto Him.
- Being consecrated, he is set apart for God's use in acceptable service.
When the believer comes to salvation, the initial work of sanctification is done in him. The ongoing work of sanctification requires the believer to choose to set himself apart from everything in the world that he may be, by choice, dedicated, pure, holy and consecrated for divine service.
SANCTIFICATION IN MESSIAH
The believer is sanctified in Messiah, for "Yeshua the Messiah .. .. is made unto us .. .. sanctification" 1 Corinthians 1:30
He, who in His life on earth was sanctified by the Father, has been made our sanctification. His life is now our life, and that is the basis of our sanctification. The Father set the Son apart for ministry and sent Him into the world (John 10:36). The Son sanctified Himself for the Assembly's sake (John 17:17,19). The Father accepted the offering of the Son as a Lamb without spot or blemish.
"By that will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Yeshua the Messiah once for all. For by one offering, he has perfected forever, those who are being sanctified. Whereof the Holy Spirit is also a witness to us." Hebrews 10:10,14-15
The Holy Spirit is able to effect sanctification in us on the basis of Yeshua's substitutionary work on the torture stake. Through the redemption purchased for us at Calvary, and the purifying of our conscience by the blood of Yeshua, the believer is liberated from the world, to serve Yahweh God (Hebrews 9:13-14). The indwelling presence of the Holy Spirit is the reality of this, for He has imparted to us the Sanctified One.
THE REALITY OF SANCTIFICATION
"God has from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth" (also 1 Peter 1: 2) Our initial salvation is wrought by faith on our part and the sanctifying work of the Spirit in response to our faith, cleansing us from all uncleanness.
"And such were some of you: but you are washed, but you are sanctified, but you are justified in the name of the Lord Yeshua and the Spirit of our God." 1 Corinthians 6:11
There has been a cleansing, a work of setting the believer apart from all that constituted his past life, making him righteous or justified with Yahweh God. There are three aspects of the work of the Spirit here, they are - the washing of regeneration, the work of separation/sanctification and the justification of the believer. Paul says to them, "You are sanctified". It was accomplished at conversion.
In writing to the assembly at Corinth, he says, "To them that are sanctified in Yeshua the Messiah, called to be saints" 1 Corinthians 1: 2 They were sanctified. but they are called to be saints, to go on to maturity and be perfected in holiness. In chapter three of this same letter, Paul says to them that they are carnal because they had envy, strife and divisions among themselves (v.1, 3) They were sanctified by the work of the Spirit, yet they lacked the outworking of it in their lives. They were not continuing on in maintaining a state of sanctification.
Yahweh God calls His people to separate themselves from all uncleanness and to appropriate in their lifestyle, what He has effected for them spiritually. That is, to make their legal position in Messiah also their actual experience and their possession.
"Wherefore, come out from among them, and be separate, saith Yahweh, and touch not the unclean; and I will receive you, and I will be a Father unto you, and you shall be My sons and daughters, saith Yahweh the Almighty"
"Having these promises dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God." 2 Corinthians 6:17-18; 7: 1
Sanctification is an initial work of grace which needs to be entered into fully so that holiness is perfected or completed in our lives.
DELIVERED FROM SATAN'S DOMINION
The Holy Spirit (Ruach HaKodesh) in sanctifying the believer, delivers him from the power of sin and death so that he can walk in holiness and serve Yahweh God acceptably. The 'death' that is considered here is spiritual death which is the result of sin. Spiritual death is separation from God, alienation and independence from Him in every way, and in this state man is at enmity with God. Death is an absence of life, and when we are alienated from God, we are devoid of life, for He is the source of all aspects of life. The energising life-flow that was originally breathed into man at the beginning, brought him into communion with God. Only in a life of communion with Yahweh God does man have 'life'. When in a state of death, man's life cannot be sustained, for man does not have the source of life within himself, and ultimately the process of degeneration has it's ultimate end with the body's decease also.
"And you hath he quickened who were dead in trespasses and sins." Ephesians 2: 1
"God sent his only begotten Son into the world that we might live through him."1 John.4: 9
In Messiah we have been made alive from our state of spiritual death and by a process of spiritual birth and the indwelling of the Spirit, we are brought into union with Him. The action of bringing us into union with God, separates us from our past union with sin. We are separated from it and it's dominion over us, by being changed over into the kingdom of God. When He sanctified us, He " delivered us out of the kingdom of darkness, and has translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son." Colossians 1:13
The word 'delivered' means, 'rescued out of', and the word 'translated' comes from the two roots which mean 'to change' and 'to cause to stand'.
He has rescued out of the dominion which darkness exercised over our lives, in the grip of which we were held captive, and has changed us and caused us to stand in His kingdom. It is not only that we have been changed but also that we have been caused to stand. He establishes us and gives us power to stand where He has placed us in Him. His dominion over us is one that liberates. The verb 'has delivered' is in the aorist tense, which means that it is a past finished act of delivering us. We have been delivered from the power of sin, it is not a continuing process. He has done all that is necessary for us to actually be free.
THE POWER OF HIS LIFE
The old nature was dominated by sin in the state of spiritual death (Rom.7:14-25), and deliverance from it's bondage comes only through Yeshua Messiah (see verse 25 of Rom.7). It is the Holy Spirit who delivers us from this law of sin and death through the new law which he has inscribed upon our hearts. 2 Corinthians 3: 2, 3
"The law of the spirit of life in Messiah Yeshua has made me free from the law of sin and death" Romans 8: 2
The law, the written code of commandments, prescribed a life of holiness but was powerless to produce that life in man (Rom.8:3). By the impartation of His own life within, the believer is empowered to live according to the righteous demands of the law. The believer has the life of Messiah within whereby he may walk "not after the flesh, but after the Spirit". Romans 8: 4, 5
Yeshua perfectly fulfilled the law, and the Spirit which filled His life has been given to us. The nature of His life is in accordance with all the principles of the written code, He did not fall short of God's standards. By the impartation of the Spirit we have Messiah living His life through us, according to His sinless righteous nature. Because we have been delivered from the power of darkness, the power of God controls our life.
THE RESULT OF LIBERATION
"Whatsoever is born of God overcomes the world" 1 John 5: 4
"Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin, for his seed remains in him and he cannot sin because he is born of God. In this the children of God are manifest and the children of the devil." 1 John 3: 9
Whatever is generated from God overcomes the world and does not come under domination of the spirit of the world, which is Satan, because His seed, the life of Messiah, is in him and he cannot sin. The verb 'is born' is a perfect participle in the Greek text, speaking of the past act of regeneration and impartation of the divine nature. That is, it is one who has been made alive, and this one does not commit sin. The word 'commit' is in the present continuous tense and therefore has no qualifying aspect to it's meaning. It is speaking of the habitual practise of sin and refers to sin which is a part of one's nature.
He 'cannot sin' literally translated would be 'he is not able to sin'. These also are present infinitives and therefore have a continuous force. In other words, such an one cannot be in sin, as it is not part of his nature. He has not the motivation within him to desire to sin. The change in the desires of a believer cause him to no longer love sin, instead he has the DESIRE and the ABILITY to do God's will. Wuest translates Philippians 2:13,
"God is the one who is continually putting forth energy in you, giving you both the desire and the power to do his good pleasure." (Wuest)