# Circuit Theory/Lab4.5.1

Example, find the thevenin equivalent of this circuit, treating R7 as the load.

• Simulate the circuit, displaying load voltage and current as the load is swept through a range of resistance values
• Simulate the thevenin equivalent circuit and again sweep the load voltage and current through a range of resistance values
the original circuit, R7 is the load, find thevenin equivalent of the rest of the circuit
Finding Vth using ohm's law
thevenin resistance is calculated by zeroing the sources and opening the load
redrawing thevenin resistance network to make calculation easier

## Finding Thevenin Voltage

Open the load (resistor R7), and find the voltage across it's terminals.

R5 and R6 are dangling and can be removed.

Vth = VA - VB

VA = 2-VR1 = 2 - (2-5)*2.2/(2.2+4.7) .. voltage divider

VA = 2.9565

VB = 5-VR3 = 5 - 5*6.8/(6.8+6.8) .. voltage divider

VB = 2.5 volts

Vth = 2.9565 - 2.5 = 0.4565 volts

Can check with this simulation.

## Finding Thevenin Resistance

Remove the load, zero the sources.

Redraw up and down so the parallel/serial relationships between the resistors are obvious.

• ${\displaystyle R_{th}=1+{\frac {1}{{\frac {1}{2.2}}+{\frac {1}{4.7}}}}+{\frac {1}{{\frac {1}{6.8}}+{\frac {1}{6.8}}}}+1.5}$
• ${\displaystyle R_{th}=7.3986}$

## Finding Norton Current

IN = Vth/Rth = 0.4565/7.3986 = 0.0617 amp

## Simulating the original circuit

In the simulation, can see the computed Norton's current when the load is 0 ohms.

Can see the computed Thevenin voltage when the load is around 20 ohms which approximates an open.

## Comparing with the Thevenin Equivalent

In this simulation, can see the same values, except this time the load voltage is relative to ground, so don't have to look at a drop or differences between two voltages as with the original circuit simulation.