Zoph/Importing photos/Using the CLI

Many users will use the Zoph webinterface almost exclusively to work with Zoph. However, more advanced users may prefer the commandline interface (CLI) for some tasks. Zoph has a CLI client called zoph that can be used to import photos and make (bulk) changes to photos already in the database.

A detailed overview of all the options can be found here.

configurationEdit

zoph.iniEdit

First of all, you will need a valid zoph.ini file to work with the CLI client. If you have multiple Zoph installations on your system, an important difference with the webinterface is the fact that the CLI cannot automatically determine which Zoph installation (instance) you are trying to import photos to. By default it will take the first instance, otherwise you need to specify the --instance CLI option. See zoph.ini for some examples.

config.inc.phpEdit

There are several option related to import in config.inc.php. For an overview, see the chapter on configuration.

Specifying which photos to importEdit

Of course you want to tell Zoph which photos it should import. The list of photos is always specified last. You can simply specify filenames, but you can also use your shell's "globbing" feature to specify multiple photos at once.

exampleEdit

Let's say you have a bunch of photos plus a text file in a directory:

zoph@zoph $ ls
IMG_1203.JPG     IMG_1207.JPG     IMG_1211.JPG     IMG_1215.JPG     IMG_1219.JPG
IMG_1204.JPG     IMG_1208.JPG     IMG_1212.JPG     IMG_1216.JPG     IMG_1220.JPG
IMG_1205.JPG     IMG_1209.JPG     IMG_1213.JPG     IMG_1217.JPG     IMG_1221.JPG
IMG_1206.JPG     IMG_1210.JPG     IMG_1214.JPG     IMG_1218.JPG     photos.txt

If you want to import all photos, you could do

zoph@zoph $ zoph *

However, this will cause an error when zoph tries to import a textfile, so it's better to do:

zoph@zoph $ zoph *.JPG

Or even

zoph@zoph $ zoph IMG_12*.JPG

But, what if you would like to import only some of these photos, for example, 1203 to 1205, 1210 to 1219 (except 1213), 1220 and 1221. You could of course specify every file individually:

zoph@zoph $ zoph IMG_1203.JPG IMG_1204.JPG IMG_1205.JPG IMG_1210.JPG IMG_1211.JPG IMG_1212.JPG IMG_1214.JPG
            IMG_1215.JPG IMG_1216.JPG IMG_1217.JPG IMG_1218.JPG IMG_1219.JPG IMG_1220.JPG IMG_1221.JPG

Well, I don't know about you, but I certainly didn't buy a computer to do things by myself, so why not let the computer take care of that?

zoph@zoph $ zoph IMG_120[3-5].JPG  IMG_121[^3]*.JPG IMG_122*.JPG

That saved a lot of typing, didn't it? This is not a zoph feature, by the way, it is a feature of your shell (probably Bash).

Organizing photosEdit

You could just import your photos like described above and then use the Zoph webinterface to organize them, but why not organize them right away?

Albums, categories and peopleEdit

You can put your photo in one or more albums and one or more categories (well, that's actually zero or more, since you don't have to put them in an album or category). Use the --album and --category commandline option for this. If there are any people on the photo, you can add people to the photo using the --person option. Remember that the list of photos always comes after the other options. It's important to realize that the album, category or person must already be in the database.

ExamplesEdit

Import IMG_1300.JPG and place it in the album Summer and category Landscapes:

zoph@zoph $ zoph --album "Summer" --category "Landscapes" IMG_1300.JPG

Import john.jpg and place it in the album Family, category Portraits and specify John Doe is in this picture:

zoph@zoph $ zoph --album "Family" --category "Portraits" --person "John Doe" john.jpg

Import family.jpg and place it in the albums Family and Summer and specify John Doe, Johnny Doe and Jane Doe are in this picture:

zoph@zoph $ zoph --album "Family" --album "Summer" --category "Portraits" --person "John Doe, Johnny Doe, Jane Doe" family.jpg

Import guitarists.jpg and place it in the categories Music and Musicians and specify Hank Williams, Jimi Hendrix and Brian May are in this picture:

zoph@zoph $ zoph --category "Music, Musicians" --person "Hank Williams" --person "Jimi Hendrix" --person "Brian May" guitarists.jpg

As you can see, you can add multiple albums, categories or people by repeating the --album, --category or --person option multiple times, or by specifying it only once and give it a list of albums, categories or people, separated by commas.

Photographer and locationEdit

Of course, you also want to record where and by whom the your photos were taken. This works almost the same als albums, categories and people, except that you can only store one of each. Again, the person and place must be in the database prior to using it via the CLI. Specify the photographer using the --photographer option and the location using the --location option.

ExamplesEdit

Import IMG_1400.JPG and set John Doe as the photographer:

zoph@zoph $ zoph --photographer "John Doe" IMG_1400.JPG

Import IMG_1401.JPG and set "Berlin" as the location where the photo was taken:

zoph@zoph $ zoph --location "Berlin" IMG_1401.JPG

Other fieldsEdit

There are a lot more attributes Zoph can store about your photos. Many of them will be automatically read from the photo's EXIF information. You can also set these fields manually using the --field option. For a full list of fields see --field.

ExamplesEdit

Import IMG_1415.JPG and set the rating to a 9[1]:

zoph@zoph $ zoph --field "Rating=9" IMG_1415.JPG

Import IMG_1416.JPG and set the title:

zoph@zoph $ zoph --field "Title=A nice photo" IMG_1416.JPG

Import directoryEdit

During the import, Zoph moves (or copies) your photos to a directory that you have set to be the "image_dir". You set this in zoph.ini. Under this directory, Zoph can create subdirectories. This is controlled by the --path, --dateddirs and --hierarchical options. With --path, you can manually set a path that will be inserted between the "image_dir" and the filename. With --dateddirs and --hierarchical, Zoph will create directories based on the (EXIF-)date of the photo. If you specify both a pathname and --dateddirs or --hierarchical, the location will contain the path first and the dated directory second.

ExamplesEdit

Assume IMG_1480.JPG was taken on 5 May 2010 and IMG_1481.JPG was taken on 13 May 2010 and image_dir is set to /data/photos.

zoph@zoph $ zoph IMG_1480.JPG IMG_1481.JPG
zoph@zoph $ ls /data/photos
 mid
 thumb
 IMG_1480.JPG
 IMG_1481.JPG

Ok, now let's add a --path:

zoph@zoph $ zoph --path "family" IMG_1480.JPG IMG_1481.JPG
zoph@zoph $ ls /data/photos
 family
zoph@zoph $ ls /data/photos/family
 mid
 thumb
 IMG_1480.JPG
 IMG_1481.JPG

And --dateddirs:

zoph@zoph $ zoph --dateddirs IMG_1480.JPG IMG_1481.JPG
zoph@zoph $ ls /data/photos
 2010.05.05
 2010.05.13
zoph@zoph $ ls /data/photos/2010.05.05
 mid
 thumb
 IMG_1480.JPG

This is of course nice if you only have a few photos, but when your collection grows and you have taken photos spread over hundreds of days, you will end up with hundreds of dated directories. For this reason, there is hierarchical dated directories:

zoph@zoph $ zoph --hierarchical IMG_1480.JPG IMG_1481.JPG
zoph@zoph $ ls /data/photos
 2010
zoph@zoph $ ls /data/photos/2010
 05
zoph@zoph $ ls /data/photos/2010/05
 05
 13
zoph@zoph $ ls /data/photos/2010/05/05
 mid
 thumb
 IMG_1480.JPG

You could, of course, also use both a path and dated directories:

zoph@zoph $ zoph --path "family" --hierarchical IMG_1480.JPG
zoph@zoph $ zoph --path "family" --dateddirs IMG_1481.JPG
zoph@zoph $ ls /data/photos
 family
zoph@zoph $ ls /data/photos/family
 2010
 2010.05.13

(By the way, when specifying both --dateddirs and --hierarchical, hierarchical will take precedence).

Using dirpatternEdit

With the --dirpattern CLI option, you can automatically assign albums, categories, people, photographer, location or path based on the directories the photos are in. You do this by specifying a pattern, based on which Zoph will use directory names to assign to correct organizer. This pattern consists of a list of letters, where each letter is a directory. The letters you can use are: a (album), c (category), l (location), p (person), P (photographer) and D (path).

Let's say you have the following directory structure:

|- John Doe
|   |- Walk in the park
|   |   |- Trees
|   |   |   |- IMG_2001.JPG
|   |   |   |- IMG_2002.JPG
|   |   |   |- Flowers
|   |   |        |- IMG_2003.JPG
|   |   |- Flowers
|   |       |- IMG_2004.JPG
|   |- A day in the forest      
|   |   |- Trees
|   |   |   |- IMG_2005.JPG
|   |   |   |- IMG_2006.JPG
|   |   |   |- Birds
|   |   |       |- IMG_2007.JPG
|   |   |- Animals
|   |       |- IMG_2008.JPG
|   |- Summer Holiday
|       |- IMG_2009.JPG
|       |- IMG_2010.JPG
|- Jane Doe
    |- A day in the forest      
    |   |- Trees
    |   |   |- DSC_1000.JPG
    |   |   |- DSC_1001.JPG
    |   |   |- Birds
    |   |       |- DSC_1002.JPG
    |   |- Animals
    |       |- DSC_1003.JPG
    |- Summer Holiday
        |- DSC_1004.JPG
        |- DSC_1005.JPG

Now, you can go into the top directory and run a Zoph import with the --dirpattern option, to automatically assign a photographer, an album and a few categories to each photo:

zoph --import -r --dirpattern "Pacc" *

Zoph will now import the entire directory structure, using the first level directory name to assign the photographer (the P in the dirpattern), the second level to assign an album (a) and the third and fourth to assign categories (cc). In this example, IMG_2001.JPG to IMG_2010 will be stored with "John Doe" as photographer and the photos DSC_1000.JPG to DSC_1005.JPG will be stored with "Jane Doe" as photographer. IMG_2001.JPG to IMG_2004.JPG will have album "A walk in the park".

IMG_2005.JPG to IMG_2008.JPG as well as DSC_1000.JPG to IMG_1003.JPG will be in the album "A day in the forest".

IMG_2009.JPG, IMG_2010.JPG, DSC_1004.JPG and DSC_1005.JPG will be in the album "Summer Holiday".

IMG_2001.JPG, IMG_2002.JPG, IMG_2003.JPG, IMG_2005.JPG to IMG_2007.JPG and DSC_1000.JPG to IMG_1002.JPG will be in the category Trees.

IMG_2003.JPG and IMG_2004.JPG will be in the category Flowers. Which means that IMG_2003.JPG will be assigned to both Trees and Flowers. In the same way, DSC_1002.JPG will be assigned to both Trees and Birds.

IMG_2008.JPG and DSC_1003.JPG will be in the category Animals.

Finally, the photos in the "Summer Holiday" album, will not have any categories assigned.

Controlling the way zoph worksEdit

The Zoph CLI client has several options that control how it works, an example of --dateddirs and --hierarchical has been given above. More settings can be found under Options.




  1. It should however be noted that this doesn't work correctly anymore since rating per user was introduced. The rating given here will be overwritten as soon as a user will vote for this photo
Last modified on 9 July 2011, at 19:14