XQuery/Incremental Searching

MotivationEdit

You have a large data set and you want to use JavaScript to asynchronously communicate with a server to narrow the scope of the search as a user types.

US Zip Code ExampleEdit

There are around 43,000 5 digit ZipCodes in the US. There are a number of applications to convert a zip code to a location, for example Ben Fry's Java applet written using Processing

This example uses a client-side XHTML page using Ajax to request a subset of codes from a server-side search of an XML database of Zipcodes, updating the page dyamically.

The HTML pageEdit

Generated by an XQuery although the content is static.

 
declare option exist:serialize "method=xhtml media-type=text/html indent=yes";

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>ZIP Code to City and State using XmlHttpRequest</title>
<script language="javascript" src="ajaxzip.js"/>
     </head>
     <body>
     <h1>US Zipcode decoder</h1>
     <form onSubmit="getList(); return false">
     <p>ZIP code:  
          <input type="text" size="5" name="zip" id="zip" onkeyup="getList();" onfocus="getList();" />
              e.g. 95472
       </p>
   </form>
   <div id="list"/>
    </body>
</html>

JavascriptEdit

Uses XMLHttpRequest to request the subset and innerHTML to update the page.


function updateList() {
  if (http.readyState == 4) {
      var divlist = document.getElementById('list');
      divlist.innerHTML = http.responseText;
      isWorking = false;
  }
}

function getList() {
  if (!isWorking && http) {
    var zipcode = document.getElementById("zip").value;
    http.open("GET", "getzip.xq?zipcode=" + escape(zipcode), true);
    http.onreadystatechange = updateList;  
          // this sets the call-back function to be invoked when a response from the HTTP request is returned
    isWorking = true;
    http.send(null);
  }
}

function getHTTPObject() {
  var xmlhttp;
  /*@cc_on
  @if (@_jscript_version >= 5)
    try {
      xmlhttp = new ActiveXObject("Msxml2.XMLHTTP");
    } catch (e) {
      try {
        xmlhttp = new ActiveXObject("Microsoft.XMLHTTP");
      } catch (E) {
        xmlhttp = false;
      }
    }
  @else
  xmlhttp = false;
  @end @*/
  if (!xmlhttp && typeof XMLHttpRequest != 'undefined') {
    try {
      xmlhttp = new XMLHttpRequest();
      xmlhttp.overrideMimeType("text/xml"); 
    } catch (e) {
      xmlhttp = false;
    }
  }
  return xmlhttp;
}

var http = getHTTPObject(); //  create the HTTP Object
var isWorking = false;


XQuery searchEdit

The Server-side XQuery to perform the search in the XML database and generate the XHTML. This uses the eXist full text index and the exist-specific &= operator.


let $zipcode := request:get-parameter("zipcode",())
return
<div>
 {if  (string-length($zipcode) > 1)  (: too slow :)
  then 
      let $search := concat('^',$zipcode)
      for $zip in //Zipcode[matches(Code,$search)]
      return 
         <div>{string-join(($zip/Code,$zip/Area,$zip/State),' ')}</div>
  else ()
 }
</div>

XML data fileEdit

The data was originally a CSV file, converted to XML using Excel and the XML add-in. This is a sample of the data.

<Zipcodes>
    <Zipcode>
        <Code>210</Code>
        <Area>Portsmouth</Area>
        <State>NH</State>
    </Zipcode>
    <Zipcode>
        <Code>211</Code>
        <Area>Portsmouth</Area>
        <State>NH</State>
    </Zipcode>
    <Zipcode>
        <Code>212</Code>
        <Area>Portsmouth</Area>
        <State>NH</State>
    </Zipcode>
    <Zipcode>
        <Code>213</Code>
        <Area>Portsmouth</Area>
        <State>NH</State>
    </Zipcode>
...

Execute

Last modified on 12 August 2010, at 06:45